A balcony garden can arouse admiration if you decorate it the right way. The possibilities are endless – from the cultivation of ornamental plants to growing vegetables, herbs and fruits.
Also Read: Balcony Vegetable Garden
Planning and Setting up a Garden on the Balcony–Practical Tips
If you want to make a well planned and perfect balcony garden, then it is important to first chalk out a plan on paper. Ask yourself what your requirements are and how you want to make it. What type of plants do you want to grow? Your balcony is either sunny or shady and what is the size of it?
Measure your balcony’s length, width, and height and draw it on paper in scale. This will make easier to arrange various items such as furniture, large and free-standing containers and boxes if you have a plan.
East and West Facing Balcony
In east and west facing balconies, many plants grow well (ornamental species, some vegetables, fruits, and herbs). But during winter, you will need to protect perennial plants growing in large containers carefully. Strong easterly winds can cause a lot of damage, especially on plants grown in containers.
North and South Facing Balcony
North facing balconies generally remain shady throughout the day, so sun-loving plants don’t thrive well there, on the other hand south facing balconies remain sunny all the time and you can’t grow shady plants there.
If you have a shady balcony, choose plants carefully. Before buying plants research for what grows best in low sunlight or ask in a nursery for shade-loving plants.
On a sunny balcony, you can grow anything, sun lovers like geraniums, verbena, roses are easiest to grow. However, plants species of ornamental leaves are difficult to grow.
Also Read: The Best Sun-Loving Plants for Containers
- Plants grown in containers require more care than those growing on the ground. You should fertilize and water them regularly.
- Watering should be done in the morning.
- Grow sun-loving plants in the planters installed on the windows and railings.
Read more Balcony Garden Tips here.
Pots for Growing Plants on the Balcony
Containers used in balcony should not only be practical, but decorative too. A pot must have enough hole in the bottom to allow sufficient drainage of water.
Freestanding pots and planters (ceramics, clay) are stable and protect plants from falling over, but the containers mounted or fixed on the windows and railings should be of lightweight material like plastic.
- Always remember that the plants you’re growing are the main attraction of balcony garden and pots should complement them.
- If you have a small balcony, use the high, narrow pots that acquire less space.
- If you’re growing vegetables, especially the greens, use wide boxes and planters, you can also use apple crates.
- You can use metal pots as well to give your balcony a modern look.
- If you are a lazy or busy person, use self-watering planters.
Use Vertical space of Balcony
Unlock the vertical and aired space of your balcony to double up your gardening area. You’ll be surprised how much potential vertical gardening has.
Buy a pot holder that will hold your pots vertically, or you can easily make one for yourself using pallets, read these DIY pallet ideas.
Use an old shelf or rack to keep the pots in and grow plants in hanging baskets.
Also Read: Vertical Balcony Garden Ideas
- Grow more vines and climbers to cover your vertical space well.
- Flowers like jasmine, clematis, black-eyed Susan and bleeding heart, etc. are some. In vegetables, grow beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, and peas.
- Hanging baskets look beautiful on the balcony. Grow plants like petunia, verbena, moss rose, fuschia, lobelia in them. Grow tomatoes in a hanging basket is an option as well.
Furniture on the Balcony
Furniture, unfortunately, take a lot of space on the balcony. Therefore, it is important to choose suitable furniture. Furniture for balcony garden must be fold-able and lightweight so that you can move it easily. Have a look at these inspiring Balcony furniture ideas.
If you own a sunny balcony, it is better to choose bright colored furniture, because they heat up slowly. Remember, their color must match up your balcony garden’s theme and plants.
Other Helpful Tips
- If you want to maintain privacy or have a bad view from your balcony, grow tall plants like bamboo and palm or grow a vine, like a clematis in your balcony, it will protect you and your plants from sun and wind, and block the view for others.