A balcony or a patio can be a great place to grow your favorite herbs! Here’s all you need to know on How to Make a Balcony Herb Garden!
The best thing about herbs is they are easy to grow, take less space, and are quick to harvest! If you have a little chunk of outdoor space, here is everything on How to Make a Balcony Herb Garden!
Check out our article on the most exotic herbs around the world here
Best Herbs for Balcony Garden
Growing herbs depends on sunlight, space, and weather. Some of the best annual herbs you can grow are basil, fennel, dill, cilantro, marjoram, parsley, and chive. You can also go for perennials like – oregano, lavender, sage, thyme, mint, and rosemary.
For more details on which herb to grow, you can check out our article here
Choosing a Pot for Growing Herbs
You can also grow herbs in hanging baskets. To know which ones, click here
How and When to Plant Herbs on the Balcony?
The best way to get herbs is from a nursery, or a garden center if you don’t have the time to grow them from seeds. Usually, the temperature of an urban balcony remains warm and if you do not live in a really cold climate, you can grow herbs year-round. Just care for your plants more in winters to save them from freezing temperatures. You can buy a small greenhouse for this or make your own.
If you live in warm tropics you need to care more in scorching summer. Keep your herbs in the shade and water them more.
How to Care for Herbs in Balcony?
Sunlight and Position
Most of the herbs grow best in full sun or light partial shade. If you have a south, south-east, or south-west facing balcony, you’re in luck! If you don’t have a bright balcony, don’t worry, this article will help you on how to grow them in shade.
Although herbs are tolerant of temporary shortages and excess water in the soil, herbs growing in pots are more sensitive to dry and waterlogged soil. To save your plants from this, water regularly and choose pots with drainage holes.
The best part about growing herbs is the fact that you don’t have to fertilize them much. You can use 5-10-5, or easily available 10-10-10 balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted half to its strength. Feeding them 2-3 times a year will be more than enough. Don’t feed in winter unless you live in a warm climate.
You can also mix aged compost or well-rotted manure at the time of planting in the potting mix and side-dress it again after 6-8 weeks intervals.
Pinching and Trimming
Pinching back the top part along with the first set of leaves, just above the leaf node will allow the non-growing lateral buds to grow and the plant will become fuller.
If you are growing herbs for use in the kitchen, they’ll be automatically trimmed when you’ll snip the leaves for consumption. Regular snipping results in more rounded and fuller leaves. Pruning herbs also encourages bushier and fresh growth.
We have a great article on pruning herbs here
Do make sure that the herbs have reached a height of 4-6 inches before you start to snip/harvest them. Start harvesting the herbs when the plant has sufficient leaves to sustain growth. Harvest herbs in the early morning before the heat of the day and before they flower.
Also, pinch off the top set of leaves to encourage lateral growth.