Here is a detailed Maryland Native Plant List you must check out. This includes groundcovers, flowers, and perennials as well!
If you are looking for Maryland Native Plant List to plan your garden, we have compiled the best ones below!
Look at the list of European Native Plants here
Maryland Native Plant List
1. Cardinal Flower
Botanical Name: Lobelia cardinalis
The Maryland native perennial features long stalks of tubular flower clusters on lance-shaped green foliage. It is natively found in wild ditches, river banks, and roadsides.
Find out the best Perennial Flowers in Georgia here
2. Christmas Fern
Botanical Name: Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas ferns show off beautiful lush and glossy fronds throughout the year. This ornamental evergreen is widely grown for groundcovers and landscaping purposes across the land.
3. Butterfly Milkweed
Botanical Name: Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly milkweed is a bushy perennial that produces clusters of bright orange-yellow flower clusters from May to September. The plant needs 5-6 hours of direct sunlight to thrive well.
4. Great Blue Lobelia
Botanical Name: Lobelia siphilitica
The plant produces tall spikes of light to dark blue flowers attracting a hoard of butterflies. The perennial is commonly found in wet and marshy lands from late summer to early fall.
5. Wild Bergamot
Botanical Name: Monarda fistulosa
The perennial grows clusters of purple, white, pink, or lavender blooms on aromatic, mint-like foliage. Wild Bergamot is widely found in the woodlands and meadows across the state.
Learn about Growing Bergamot here
Botanical Name: Rudbeckia hirta
Native to Maryland, this perennial features striking yellow flower stalks with dark brown centers. Their minimum care requirements make them great for garden borders and cut flowers.
7. Turk’s Cap Lily
Botanical Name: Lilium superbum
The Maryland native produces tall stalks of droopy reddish-orange flowers with brown spots. The plant needs full sun and a little acidic moist soil to thrive well.
8. Golden groundsel
Botanical Name: Packera obovata
This rosette-forming perennial boasts showy stalks of bright yellow daisy-like blooms on dark green heart-shaped foliage. Golden Groundsels are common in home gardens as they attract beneficial pollinators.
9. New York Ironweed
Botanical Name: Vernonia noveboracensis
The violet flowerheads on lance-shaped green leaves are a living magnet for butterflies and birds in the wetlands, marshy plots, and pastures of Maryland.
10. Fire Pink
Botanical Name: Silene virginica
The five-petalled dark red flowers are great for attracting pollinators and are common in the rocky garden borders, dry slopes, meadows, and open woodlands.
11. Bluewood Aster
Botanical Name: Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Bluewood Aster features beautiful daisy-like flowers in shades of blue. The wildflower thrives in dry, well-draining plots under partial sun.
Here’s a list of Floridan Native Plants
Botanical Name: Heuchera
Alumroot produces short flower stalks of bell-shaped green flowers. The blooms take a yellowish to purple tint if exposed under the full sun.
13. Joe Pye Wood
Botanical Name: Eutrochium spp.
The plant blooms tiny pink to purple blooms in large clusters on lance-shaped, serrated green foliage. The plant does not appreciate the harsh afternoon sun.
14. Eastern Columbine
Botanical Name: Aquilegia canadensis
The droopy, trumpet-shaped blooms bear red-yellow petals with a long nectar-bearing, making them a prominent sight on the rocky slopes of Maryland.
15. False Blue Indigo
Botanical Name: Baptisia australis
Beautiful racemes of blue flowers appear on gray-green foliage throughout summer, followed by green pea-like pods that take a darker hue by fall.
16. Foxglove Beardtongue
Botanical Name: Penstemon digitalis
This clump-forming bushy perennial grows clustered of bell-shaped, white flower spikes on glossy foliage. Foxglove Beardtongue makes for pretty cut flowers.
Botanical Name: Hibiscus
The five-petalled flowers come in shades of pink, purple, and white with contrasting centers. The shrubby variety reaches an impressive height of 6-7 feet tall.
18. Little Bluestem
Botanical Name: Schizachyrium scoparium
An ornamental grass with dense bluish-green fine foliage, Little Bluestem takes a rustic burgundy hue with white seed tufts by fall.
19. Blue Sedge
Botanical Name: Carex flacca
Noted for its soft-blue, sedge-forming foliage, Blue Sedge is a common sight along the coastlines and moorlands of Maryland.
Look at the Best Shrubs for Containers here
20. Wool Rush
Botanical Name: Scirpus cyperinus
This dense, clump-forming perennial features basal green leaves and erect stems. White-green flower heads appear in summer, turning to cinnamon brown on maturity.
21. Yellow Indiangrass
Botanical Name: Sorghastrum nutans
Yellow Indiangrass varies in height from 3-8 feet and forms clusters of blue-green foliage that turn yellowish by fall. The yellow flower spikes with white fringes double the charm.
Looking for Grass Like Plants for Container Gardening? Click here
Botanical Name: Tiarella cordifolia
This herbaceous perennial with pretty creamy white flower spikes and lush foliage is a common sight in the gardens of Maryland.
Botanical Name: Antennaria plantaginifolia
The tiny tufted, white flowerheads resemble a cat’s feet, hence the name. Clustered pink to white flowers appear from mid to late Spring.
24. Wild Ginger
Botanical Name: Asarum
The shade-loving perennial shows off heart-shaped, dark green leaves that appear as a deciduous groundcover in the forests of Maryland.
25. Sensitive Fern
Botanical Name: Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive Fern features yellowish-green, triangular fronds that are highly sensitive to frost, giving it the name. The plant is a common sight in the marshy floodplains of Maryland.
Find out the Ferns with most Beautiful Fronds here
26. Green and Gold
Botanical Name: Chrysogonum virginianum
This Maryland native is a low-growing cultivar covered with clusters of yellow blooms, an ideal choice for groundcovers in moist, shade landscapes.
27. Black Chokeberry
Botanical Name: Aronia melanocarpa
This deciduous shrub blooms pinkish-white blooms in the late spring, followed by dark purple edible fruits. The plant thrives in almost all soil types, including boggy and rocky textures.
28. Black Huckleberry
Botanical Name: Gaylussacia baccata
The deciduous shrub reaches a height of 2-4 feet and is commonly found in the gardens of Maryland. The stem changes its color from light green to reddish-brown to finally darker hues on maturity.
29. Common Witchhazel
Botanical Name: Hamamelis virginiana
The irregular branches covered with yellow ribbon-shaped fringes are a wonderful addition to the Maryland landscapes.
Botanical Name: Fothergilla
Noted for its fluffy white spring blooms and golden-crimson fall foliage, Fothergilla is a unique ornamental species found in the gardens of Maryland.
31. Hillside Blueberry
Botanical Name: Vaccinium pallidum
This low-growing shrub reaches a height of 2-3 feet and blooms pinkish-white blooms in mid to late spring, followed by tarty greenish-white berries.
Learn about Growing Blueberries in Containers here
32. Inkberry Holly
Botanical Name: Ilex glabra
The glossy oval leaves are graced with greenish-white blooms in the spring that are later pollinated to produce blue-black drupes by early fall.
Botanical Name: Leucothoe
Leucothoe is a bushy shrub reaching up to 3-5 feet tall and is adorned with white bell-shaped flowers flushed in a purplish tint.
34. Red Chokeberry
Botanical Name: Aronia arbutifolia
The bright red berries look alluring on the multi-stemmed deciduous shrub. The dark green foliage taking its fall colors, steals the show.
35. Mapleleaf Viburnum
Botanical Name: Viburnum acerifolium
The deciduous foliage takes a colorful hue in the fall. Also, the white flower clusters followed by dark red edible fruits add to their charm.
36. Northern Bayberry
Botanical Name: Myrica pensylvanica
Northern Bayberry is known for its subtle sweet fragrance misting the air when the glossy foliage is crubled. Gray-blue berry clusters adorn the stems in summer.
37. Oakleaf Hydrangea
Botanical Name: Hydrangea quercifolia
A deciduous shrub with a mounding growth habit, Oakleaf Hydrangea looks gorgeous, featuring white flower clusters on the oak-leaf-shaped fuzzy foliage.
Looking for Landscaping Ideas with Hydrangea? Click here
38. Yaupon Holly
Botanical Name: Ilex vomitoria
Native to the coastal areas of Maryland, Yaupon Holly features glossy dark green leaves on the whitish-gray tree trunks. The shrub is home to a variety of pollinators.
39. Winterberry Holly
Botanical Name: Ilex verticillata
The dark green elliptical leaves give a striking contrast to the greenish-white flowers that are pollinated to produce bright red berries in the fall.
40. Virginia Sweetspire
Botanical Name: Itea virginica
The arching branches get covered with white bottle-brush-like flower clusters from late spring to mid-summer and look beautiful in their native place.
41. White Oak
Botanical Name: Quercus alba
Noted for its gorgeous golden-red fall foliage, White Oak has a gray bark extensively used in the furnishing industry.
Check out the Best Oak Tree Varieties here
42. Eastern Red Cedar
Botanical Name: Juniperus virginiana
The evergreen specimen reaches a height of 30-40 feet, featuring reddish-brown bark and bluish-green flower clusters in from late spring to early winter.
Botanical Name: Amelanchier
Serviceberry features pretty white blooms in spring and edible fruits in summer. Apart from the nutty flavor, the berries are a powerhouse of medicinal benefits.
44. Green Hawthorn
Botanical Name: Crataegus viridis
Native to the Maryland coastal plains, Green Hawthorn is a tall deciduous tree with a height of 20-35 feet, crowned with green leaves that turn purple to red in the fall.
45. Flowering Dogwood
Botanical Name: Cornus florida
This small perennial features modified leaf bracts in the shades of pink and white in the spring, burgundy fall foliage, and red edible berries in early fall.
46. Eastern Redbud
Botanical Name: Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud is a common sight across Maryland, featuring showy pink flowers with a purplish tint that looks like a blooming crown from a distance.
Look at the Best Purple Flowering Trees in Texas here
Botanical Name: Nyssa sylvatica
Native to the Maryland forests, Blackgum is a deciduous tree noted for its glossy green, toothed foliage that turns peachy-red in the fall.
48. American Hornbeam
Botanical Name: Carpinus caroliniana
This Maryland native makes a statement in the large gardens with an impressive height of 20-30 feet. The leaves change their color from dark green to golden-yellow in the fall.