18 Native European Plants | Plants Common to Europe

Ralph Astley is a retired gardener from Philadelphia who specializes in outdoor plants and trees. With years of hands-on experience, Ralph not only cares for a diverse range of outdoor flora but also shares his extensive knowledge through well-written articles and social media posts. A trusted authority in arboriculture, he's committed to helping the community grow healthier, more robust gardens.
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If you want to add a Euro charm to your garden, here are the Best European Native Plants to add a green and colorful appeal!

Grow these Best European Houseplants if you wish to add some variety to your houseplant collection.

Check out the Native Plants and Trees of Florida here

Indoor Plants Native to Europe

1. Bilberry

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Botanical Name: Vaccinium myrtillus

Common Names: Whortleberry, Huckleberry, European Blueberry

Native Areas: Southern Europe, Western North America, and Northern Asia

Native to mountainous areas of Southern Europe, this perennial flowering plant belonging to the Ericaceae family could be a good addition to your indoor plant collection!

Learn about Growing Blueberries in Containers here

2. Black Elder

Botanical Name: Sambucus nigra

Common Names: Elderberry, European Elder, Common Elder, Elder Bush

Native Areas: Europe, Asia, North and South America, and South Pacific

This small tree or deciduous shrub from the Sambucaceae family can grow to a height of 8-14 feet when growing in the wild. But, it can be easily grown in containers too.

Do Elderberries Grow in Arkansas? Know here

3. Common Nettle

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Botanical Name: Urtica dioica

Common Names: Stinging Nettle, Great Nettle

Native Areas: Europe, Western North Africa, and much of Temperate Asia

With a long, creeping yellow-colored rhizome, it is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Urticaceae family that is native to Europe but is now cultivated widely all across the globe, including North America and New Zealand.

4. Caraway


Botanical Name: Carum carvi

Common Names: Persian Cumin, Meridian Fennel

Native Areas: Europe, North Africa, India, Morocco, Germany, and the Netherlands

This native European plant has a spicy fragrance and is one of the most beneficial herbs. Its roots, seeds, and leaves are all edible.

5. Peppermint

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Botanical Name: Mentha x Piperita

Common Names: Balm Mint, Curled Mint, Brandy Mint, Lammint, Lamb Mint

Native Areas: Europe, Southwest Asia, and the Middle East

With a high menthol content, Peppermint is widely used for flavoring confectionery, toothpaste, mouthwash, and ice cream. It is easy to grow, and you can cultivate it on a sunny windowsill!

6. European Centaury


Botanical Name: Centaurium erythraea

Common Names: Bitter Herb, Lesser Centaury, Centaury Gentian, Feverwort, Red or Pink Centaury, Christ’s Ladder, Filwort

Native Areas: Europe, West Asia, parts of North Africa, and North America

With a leaf rosette in pink color and star-shaped blooms, this annual or biennial plant belongs to the Gentianaceae family. It can be a star European addition to your plant collection!

7. Rosehip

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Botanical Name: Rosa canina

Common Names: Dog Rose, Haggebutt, Wild Rose

Native Areas: Europe, Western Asia, and Northwest Africa

Native to Northern Europe, the Rosehip, also called Rose Hep or Rose Haw, is an accessory fruit of a rose plant. Typically, it is found in orange to red colors but also comes in deep purple to black varieties.

8. Walnut


Botanical Name: Juglans regia

Common Names: Common Walnut, English Walnut, Persian Walnut

Native Areas: Southeast Europe, Turkey, Western China, Central Asia, Iran, and the Himalayas, Australia, New Zealand, and parts of North and South America

Walnut trees can be grown in containers if you run short on space. Before the seeds germinate, they must be exposed to moist and cold temperatures.

Are Walnuts Safe for Dogs? Click here

9. Common Juniper

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Botanical Name: Juniperus communis

Common Names: Horse Savin, Aiten, Gorst, Dwarf Juniper, Fairy Circle, Hackmatack

Native Areas: Europe, North America, North Africa, Western and northern Asia, and Japan

It is one of the most popular European conifers worldwide. This pleasant-smelling low shrub evergreen belongs to the Cupressaceae family and can grow in various soil types.

10. Silver Birch

Botanical Name: Betula pendula

Common Names: European Weeping Birch, Weeping Birch

Native Areas: Europe, Southern Europe, and Southwest Asia

Native to Europe and parts of Asia, Birch trees can grow up to 20-40 feet tall when growing in the wild, but you can easily keep their height in check in pots.

11. Apple

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Botanical Name: Malus domestica

Common Names: Paradise Apple, and Common Apple

Native Areas: Europe

Apple is one of the fruits that is a native European fruit, and now it is widely grown in almost every country around the world! Growing an apple tree in a container is not that difficult, and you can learn all about it here.

12. Tulips


Botanical Name: Tulipa

Common Names: Tulips, Tulipa

Native Areas: Southern Europe and Northern China

This spring-blooming perennial is popular in many parts of the world mainly because of its large, beautiful blooms in warm colors such as pink, purple, orange, yellow, white, or red.

Look at the Best Tulip Varieties here

13. Blackcurrant

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Botanical Name: Ribes nigrum

Common Names: Ribes, Blackcurrant, Currant, Cassis, European Blackcurrant

Native Areas: Northern Europe and Northern Asia

Blackcurrant is a deciduous shrub belonging to the family Grossulariaceae and is now widely grown for its ‘superfood’ edible berries. They are an excellent source of vitamin C.

Find out the Most Exotic Fruits Worldwide here

14. Raspberry


Botanical Name: Rubus idaeus

Common Names: Feabes, Feaberries, and Wineberries

Native Areas: Europe and North America

This edible fruit belongs to the genus Rubus, which is native to Europe and Northern Asia. These sweet berries can be used to make jellies, jams, cakes, and more!

Want to Grow Raspberries in Pots? Click here

15. Gooseberries

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Botanical Name: Ribes uva-crispa

Common Names: European Red Raspberry, Red Raspberry, Whitebark Raspberry, Western Raspberry

Native Areas: Europe, Northern Africa, the Caucasus

Gooseberries are easy-to-care-for edible fruit plants and can be grown indoors in containers as they can grow well in many kinds of soil.

16. Olive Trees

Botanical Name: Olea europaea

Common Names: Olea europaea, Common Olive

Native Areas: Mediterranean Europe, Africa, and Asia

Also popular as European olives, these plants are known to be adaptable and tolerant to drought-like conditions, making them very suitable for containers.

17. Bulbous Buttercup

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Botanical Name: Ranunculus bulbosus

Common Names: St. Anthony’s Turnip

Native Areas: Europe, Northwestern Africa, and Asia

This perennial plant with yellow blooms belongs to the buttercup family Ranunculaceae and is mostly grown for its showy flowers.

18. Marsh Marigold


Botanical Name: Caltha palustris

Common Names: Kingcup, Cowflock, Cowslip

Native Areas: Europe, North America, and Asia

Popular as Caltha Biflora in Europe, this flowering plant does best in bright light. These plants are very tolerant of heat and cold, which makes them a must for a summer garden.

Find out an Easy Hack to Grow Marigolds here

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