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18 Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

Bamboos are beautiful, lofty, and grown around the world. Here is a list of different Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors.

Many gardeners love to grow these bamboo plants for various features. These are famous for adding a screen to your house and have many additional uses. Find out different Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors that can uplift any home.

Learn about the Best Fertilizers for Lucky Bamboo Plants here


Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors

1. Hedge Bamboo

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Botanical Name: Bambusa multiplex

Hedge bamboo is a kind of evergreen bamboo that is known for its beautiful canes. These bamboo grow from bluish-green clumps, and as the plant ages, the green bamboos change color slightly, turning into yellowish-green canes.

With an average bamboo width of around two inches, these grow straight and quickly in warm climates.

Here are Best Bamboos for a Hedge + How to Maintain it

2. Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo

Botanical Name: Pleioblastus Viridistriatus ‘Dwarf Green Stripe’

Dwarf Green is identified by its striped green leaves, giving it a stunning look during the summer and spring. Found in parts of East Asia and primarily native to japan and China,

Dwarf green stripes are known to be deciduous even during the winter. These are generally easy-to-care bamboo that can withstand extreme temperatures.

3. Green-Glaucous Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 3
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Botanical Name: Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens

The Green Glaucous grows very quickly and extensively, which helps it to create a grove-like plantation for privacy around the house or garden. The Green Glaucous is best known for its canes that emerge with a deep emerald green hue and, with time, finally mature into yellowish-green.

The canes of these bamboos are fully striped and white along with the nodes, and their foliage is medium, elongated, and wide. It is one of the best Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors.

Here are the Best Places in Home to Keep Lucky Bamboo

4. Chilean  Bamboo

Botanical Name: Chusquea culeou

These are found in Argentina, Valdivia, Chile, and other parts of South America. Chilean Bamboo is another type of evergreen bamboo and belongs to the family of Poaceae grass. These are known to stand frost and are grown in temperate areas.

The flowers from the Chilean bamboo are light brownish, and the plant has been known to bloom for 60 years.

5. Buddha Bamboo

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Botanical Name: Bambusa vulgaris ‘wamin”

Buddha Bamboo is another type in this category primarily used for ornamental use. This is native to China, and its unique lumps node, similar to Buddha’s belly, has given it the name.
These grow very well in containers with moist and fertile soil.

Growers should note that when this plant bulges, it should be kept without excess fertilizer in completely dry soil.

Check out Fantastic Landscaping with Bamboo Ideas here

6. Umbrella Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 6

Botanical Name: Fargesia murielae

This cute, non-invasive bamboo fits indoors and is adaptable to almost all temperatures, making it one of the best Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors.

It has greenish-yellow canes,  which are long with slender leaves, and its foliage is greyish-green. Umbrella Bamboo grows rapidly and in clumps, most spread around 4 to 5 feet in width and grows well in partial shade.

7. Guadua Bamboo

Botanical Name: Guadua

Guadua is a type of thorny bamboo primarily found in Uruguay and Northern Mexico. This bamboo is important since it is one of the main raw materials for constructing houses in the coastal regions and an excellent building material.

The Guadua Bamboo performs exceptionally well since it has multiple watershed protection attributes. Growing this bamboo can be a good option if a house has enough space.

8. Japanese Arrow Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 9
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Botanical Name: Pseudosasa japonica

Japanese Arrow Bamboo grows best in Japan and parts of Korea, which is how it got its name. This bamboo can withstand extremely low temperatures and thrives well in complete or partial shade, with its leaves shaped like a palm tree.

Leaves of this bamboo usually grow up to 5 to 13 inches and have a beautiful yellowish-brown color.

Here are Japanese Garden Plants You Can Grow Indoors

9. Timber Bamboo

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Botanical Name: Bambusa oldhamii

This bamboo is grown for its timber and has smooth and glossy canes. Native to China, these have an emerald green color which eventually fades to yellowish-green upon aging. The timber bamboo grows well in full sun and requires consistently moist soil.

10. Chinese Dwarf Bamboo

Botanical Name: Bambusa multiplex

Chinese Dwarf bamboo, also known as Bambusa minima, is ideal for growing in indoor containers. This bamboo is a great option for small spaces or for use as a houseplant due to its small height of 10-12 feet.

One of the best Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors, the Chinese Dwarf is low maintenance and adaptable.

11. Female Bamboo

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Botanical Name: Bambusa balcooa

Female bamboo is a term used to refer to a type of bamboo that only produces female flowers and does not produce seeds. This type of bamboo does not produce seeds and cannot reproduce unless its rhizomes are actively propagated.

Female bamboos are beneficial indoors and in containers as you can control the spread of the bamboo and keep it contained within a specific area.

Love indoor plants? Check out Tiny Nook Made into a Mini Garden Indoors Ideas here

12. Black Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 12

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys nigra

Black bamboo is known for its striking black stems and lush green foliage. This bamboo is widely cultivated and is a relatively fast-growing plant, but it spreads slowly.

It does not take over an area like invasive bamboo, making it one of the best Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors.

13. River Cane Bamboo

Botanical Name: Arundinaria gigantea

Perfect for indoor privacy screens, the River Cane bamboo is native to the southeastern United States, particularly in the Mississippi River Valley. Like most indoor bamboo, this one also has a clumping habit and amazing green stems with a bluish hue.

14. Golden Bamboo

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Botanical Name: Phyllostachys aurea

Fish pole bamboo is known for its long, slender stems that are often used for fishing poles. This bamboo has a smooth, glossy appearance and is widely cultivated for its ornamental and decorative value.

The young shoots of this bamboo are edible and are highly sought after in some Asian countries, which makes them the perfect Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors and also consume.

Here are the Top Bamboo Planting Tips you need to know

15. Wang Tsai Bamboo

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Botanical Name: Bambusa multiplex ‘Wang Tsai’

A versatile option for indoor gardening, the Wang Tsai bamboo has low humidity needs and can survive in dry indoor conditions with proper watering.

An attractive species, the culms of Wang Tsai bamboo are thin, green, and have a yellow stripe, and the leaves are small and delicate, providing a lush and unique appearance.

16. Burmese Bamboo

Botanical Name: Bambusa polymorpha

Burmese bamboo is a small to medium-sized bamboo known for its adaptability to indoor conditions and can be grown in containers making it a great option for indoor gardening. Burmese bamboo prefers indirect sunlight and well-drained soil.

17. Fernleaf Bamboo

Botanical Name: Bambusa multiplex

Another one of the best Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors, the Fernleaf bamboo has stems that are thin and delicate and are typically green or yellow in color.

The bamboo can also be maintained with little effort and prefers indirect sunlight and well-drained soil to flourish.

18. Yellow Groove Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 18

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Spectabilis’

Like its name, the Yellow Grove Bamboo has a wonderful yellow stem with short and thin side branches. Growing up 15-25 feet, this bamboo is perfect for gardens in containers.

Check out our article on growing Lucky Bamboo here 

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