24 Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

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Look at the list of different Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens that can uplift any location.

Many gardeners love to grow bamboo plants for their striking beauty and features. You will read here about the fastest-growing bamboo to adorn the pots and gardens of your home.

Check out Best Bamboo for a Hedge + How to Maintain it

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

1. Hedge Bamboo

Bamboo Types for Gardens and Container Gardens

Botanical Name: Bambusa multiplex

This is a clumping ‘dwarf bamboo’ with upright branches and brownish-green clump leaves. It can grow up to 10-20 feet tall, making it perfect for children’s gardens or hedges.

Also, if you want to grow it, you can propagate it with the help of using clum in a stem cutting. It needs high organic matter soil with good drainage and 6 hours of direct sunlight.

2. Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo

best Bamboo Types for Gardens and Container Gardens

Botanical Name: Pleioblastus viridistriatus ‘Dwarf Green Stripe’

Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo is an ornamental variety that makes a great ground cover. It has golden/yellow with green stripes foliage when young, fades in summer and becomes green with dark green strips.

This bamboo can reach up to 7 inches, and you must plant it in semi-shaded locations!

3. Green-Glaucous Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 3

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens

The Green Glaucous is one of the fastest-growing bamboo, which helps it create a grove-like plantation for privacy around the house or garden. It is best known for its canes, which emerge with a deep emerald green hue and, with time, finally mature into yellowish-green.

The canes of these bamboos are fully striped and white along with the nodes, and their foliage is medium, elongated, and wide.

4. Chilean Bamboo

Bamboo Types for Gardens and Container Gardens

Botanical Name: Chusquea culeou

Are you looking for bamboos to grow in containers and gardens? Chilean Bamboo grows in Argentina, Valdivia, Chile, and other parts of South America.

Chilean bamboo withstands frost and thrives in temperate areas. Its flowers are light brownish, and the plant blooms for up to 60 years.

5. Buddha Bamboo

Bamboo Types for Gardens and Contain

Botanical Name: Bambusa vulgaris ‘wamin’

Buddha bamboo is adorned for its quirky growing bulging internodes that dwarf its stature, giving it a distinct appearance reminiscent of a Buddha’s belly.

This ornamental bamboo cultivar thrives indoors and out, adapting well from full sun to full shade, and is resilient.

Note: You should note that when this plant bulges, it should be kept without excess fertilizer in completely dry soil.

6. Umbrella BambooBamboo Plants to Grow in Gardens and Containers

Botanical Name: Fargesia murieliae

Are you wondering how tall bamboo grows? Umbrella bamboo grows around 10 to 14 feet in height. It is a hardy plant that can easily be maintained in pots.

Also, it offers a canopy with its evergreen foliage, which is light blue initially and becomes yellowish-green on maturity.

Look at the Best Places in Home to Keep Lucky Bamboo

7. Temple Bamboobest Bamboo Plants to Grow in Gardens

Botanical Name: Semiarundinaria fastuosa ‘Temple Bamboo’

Temple Bamboo grows well in confined spaces like containers, making it ideal for patios and small yards. Its tall, erect stems with lush green leaves create an elegant and serene atmosphere.

Taking care of it is quite easy, though. For optimal growth, it only needs well-draining soil and moderate watering.

8. Giant Bamboobeautiful Bamboo Plants to Grow in Gardens

Botanical Name: Dendrocalamus giganteus

This bamboo, also known as dragon bamboo, is a huge subtropical species from Southeast Asia. It has dense clumps around 40-50 feet wide and grows 12 inches per day.

This is one of the low-maintenance bamboo for growing in containers and gardens. It only needs full sun and rich, moist, well-draining soil.

9. Japanese Arrow Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 9

Botanical Name: Pseudosasa japonica

Japanese Arrow Bamboo, often called green onion bamboo, is a robust, evergreen plant native to Japan and Korea.

Its vigorous growth and ability to spread via wide-creeping rhizomes often form dense thickets, making it ideal for a natural screen or hedge in landscapes.

10. Female Bamboo

Bamboo Plants to Grow in Gardens and Containers

Botanical Name: Bambusa balcooa

This versatile bamboo species stands out with its impressive height of 16-25 meters and diameter of 7-15 cm. Its grayish-green culms are thick-walled and feature distinct nodes with whitish rings and soft hairs.

These characteristics make it a preferred material for building robust structures like houses and bridges and crafting items like fishing floats and woven mats.

11. Black Bamboo

Types of Bamboos to Grow in Containers & Indoors 12

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys nigra

Black bamboo is a relatively fast-growing bamboo that can become invasive. Its canes are olive green when young and later become mottled brown-black, which turns jet black after 2-3 years, just like the picture above!

The plant can work well as a privacy hedge, as once it’s established, the species is very hard to eradicate.

12. Golden Bamboo

Bamboo Plants to Grow in Gardens 2

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys aurea

Golden bamboo is the most common bamboo in the United States. Its lance-shaped foilage yellowish-green cane makes it the fastest-growing plant (20 feet). It is planted to create noise barriers or living privacy.

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13. Guadua Bambootop best Bamboo Plants to Grow in Gardens

Guadua Bamboo, also known as “vegetal steel,” originates from South America and is the third-largest bamboo globally, with the most significant presence in America.

It boasts exceptional strength, surpassing many traditional timbers, and is prized for its durability, flexibility, and lightweight properties.

14. Albostriata Bamboo

Bamboo Plant Types for Gardens and Containers

Botanical Name: Sasaella masamuneana ‘Albostriata’

Albostriata bamboo’s beautiful foliage, which is green in summer and variegated in spring, creates a captivating contrast wherever it is planted. Its growing zone is 7a-11, and its compact size allows it to fit well in smaller spaces.

15. River Cane BambooBamboo Plant Types for Gardens and Containers in pot

Botanical Name: Arundinaria gigantea

River cane bamboo forms dense canebrakes that are vital to specialized butterflies and moths. Despite its ecological importance, it is threatened by overgrazing and habitat loss.

Note: Due to its high flammability, it is advisable to avoid planting this bamboo near homes, opting instead for less flammable plants to reduce fire risks.

16. Asian Lemon BambooBamboo Plant Types for Gardens and Containers near house

Botanical Name: Bambusa eutuldoides viridi-vittata

Asian Lemon Bamboo is a clumping bamboo that works well as a striking container plant or privacy screen.

This hardy variety thrives in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-11 and can reach up to 25 feet in height. It exhibits a high tolerance for cold, surviving temperatures down to the upper 20°F.

17. Fountain Bamboo

Bamboos to Grow in Containers near home

Botanical Name: Fargesia nitida

Fountain Bamboo is particularly used as a screen or windbreak because its stems sometimes appear in a weeping form, as its common name suggests.

It can easily withstand cold, but tolerating summer temperatures is quite hard. Plant it in partial shade with well-draining soil.

18. Burmese BambooBamboos to Grow in Containers

Botanical Name: Bambusa polymorpha

Burmese bamboo is a small to medium-sized bamboo whose foliage changes color. Typically, in the young phase, its canes are light green or whitish grey and later turn grey-green.

It is used in house construction, handicrafts, and baskets. The shoots are sweet in taste and safe to eat. You must plant this graceful species in your landscape.

Check out Fantastic Landscaping with Bamboo Ideas 

19. Crookstem Bambootop best Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys aureosulcata var. ‘Alata’

Crookstem bamboo adds a unique flair to gardens with its occasional zig-zag patterns on some of its stems.

It’s one of the hardiest bamboos, thriving in USDA Zones 5 to 10, and can reach heights of 25 to 30 feet.

20. Variegated BambooBamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens in garden

Botanical Name: Pleioblastus fortunei ‘Tsuboi’

This unique bamboo, also known as dwarf white-striped bamboo, has a white stripe on each leaf center. It spreads very quickly and will soon fill your space, making it perfect for container planting and hedges.

This variegated bamboo can reach up to 2-4 feet tall under its preferred climatic conditions with USDA zones 4-10.

21. Green Panda BambooBamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

Botanical Name: Fargesia dracocephala sp. ‘Rufa’ var. ‘Green Panda’

The Green Panda is a non-invasive bamboo plant with a vase-like structure and arching stems. It can reach upto 6-10 feet tall.

Also, it can not tolerate hot or humid conditions, so it must be planted in an area that receives full sun along with some afternoon shade. Paved areas or containers are perfect!

22. Showy Yellow Grove Bambooamazing Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

Botanical Name: Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. spectabilis

Yellow Grove Bamboo is a tall, upright-growing bamboo. It is adorned with its yellow cane and green panel in the sulcus.

Additionally, it can reach 15-25 feet, making it ideal for adding to gardens or containers.

23. Silver Bird Bamboo

best Bamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

Botanical Name: Fargesia murielae var. ‘Silver Bird’

Silver Bird bamboo is distinguished by its compact, rich green leaves with a unique bluish-silver underside. This characteristic becomes especially noticeable when the leaves turn to catch the sunlight, revealing a striking silvery glow.

The plant begins with reddish shoots that mature into slender green or yellow canes. It is suitable for USDA zones 5 to 9 and reaches a height of 10 to 13 feet.

24. Clumping BambooBamboos to Grow in Containers and Gardens

Botanical Name: Fargesia robusta ‘Campbell’

Originally introduced in Sichuan and China, the clumping bamboo species boasts its most striking feature: the new shoots emerge hairy and rusty red in early spring, adding a unique touch to its appearance.

Unlike many other clumping bamboos, it is notably more tolerant of sun and provides substantial coverage and aesthetic appeal in a garden setting.

Learn the Top Bamboo Planting Tips You Need to Know

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