Puerto Rico National Flower: Facts, Information and Growing Tips

Raul is an Editor at BalconyGardenWeb and an expert in flower and herb cultivation based in Phoenix, Arizona. A frequent speaker at horticultural events, he is also an active contributor to Facebook flower groups. Holding an MBA degree, Raul blends his gardening skills with strong leadership and analytical abilities.
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Puerto Rico National Flower – A beautiful plant with a rich history and color! Time to find out all the details and information!

With its lush, trumpet-shaped petals and strikingly vibrant colors, the Maga flower isn’t just a botanical marvel; it’s a symbol of Puerto Rican pride and resilience. Continue scrolling to explore Puerto Rico National Flower’s history, unique features, and the captivating characteristics!

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Puerto Rico National Flower

Puerto Rico National Flower 1

The national flower of Puerto Rico is the Maga flower (Thespesia grandiflora). This flower symbolizes the island’s rich heritage, natural beauty, and diverse ecosystem. In this article, we’ll explore the origin, designation, appearance, and ecological role of the Maga.

Native Place and Origin

The Maga flower is native to Puerto Rico, thriving in the island’s tropical climate and fertile soil. It belongs to the Malvaceae family, which also includes hibiscus and okra. Its origin is deeply rooted in the Caribbean, making it an integral part of Puerto Rico’s flora.

Designation as the National Flower

The Maga flower was officially designated as the national flower of Puerto Rico in 1937. The primary reason for this designation was to honor the island’s natural beauty and to symbolize its unique cultural identity. The flower is not only an iconic representation of Puerto Rico but also holds significance in local folklore and tradition.

Appearance and Characteristics

  • Color: Deep pink or fuchsia petals
  • Size: Large, with petals spanning 4-6 inches
  • Leaves: Broad and heart-shaped
  • Season: Blooms primarily in the summer but can flower sporadically throughout the year
  • Habitat: Grows best in well-drained soil and thrives in both full sunlight and partial shade

Role in the Ecological World

The Puerto Rico National Flower plays a crucial role in Puerto Rico’s ecology. It serves as a source of nectar for various species of butterflies and hummingbirds, thereby aiding in pollination. Additionally, the tree’s leaves provide shelter for small fauna, contributing to biodiversity.


  • Pollinator Attraction: Its nectar-rich flowers attract pollinators, thus aiding in the biodiversity of the area.
  • Aesthetic Value: The Maga flower is often used in ornamental landscaping due to its striking appearance.
  • Cultural Significance: As the national flower, it serves as a symbol of Puerto Rican identity and pride.

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Puerto Rico National Flower – Facts


Scientific Quirks

  • Family Ties: The Maga belongs to the Malvaceae family, which also includes the hibiscus and okra, both of which are commonly found in various global cuisines.
  • Color Variation: Though generally deep pink or fuchsia, Puerto Rico National Flower’s petals can sometimes display shades of light pink or even white.

Growing Habits

  • Extended Blooming: While the Maga predominantly blooms in summer, it can also flower sporadically throughout the year if the conditions are right.
  • Versatile Habitat: This plant is quite adaptable and can thrive in a range of soil types and lighting conditions.

Aesthetic Value

  • Ornamental Use: Due to its striking appearance, the Puerto Rico National Flower is often used in ornamental landscaping, serving both aesthetic and ecological functions.
  • Large and Showy: The Maga’s large, showy petals make it a popular choice for public gardens and displays.

Puerto Rico National Flower – Quick Growing Tips

Puerto Rico National Flower
shutterstock/Oxy Imran
  • Use well-draining, loamy soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH range.
  • Plant in an area with full sun to partial shade for optimal growth.
  • Water regularly but avoid waterlogging. Allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings.
  • Apply a balanced liquid fertilizer, after diluting it to 1/2 of its recomended strength, every 6-8 weeks.
  • Inspect regularly for common pests like aphids and treat with insecticidal soap if necessary.
  • Prune to shape the tree and remove dead or damaged branches, preferably during late winter.
  • Puerto Rico National Flower is relatively tolerant of various climate conditions but thrives best in temperatures between 65-80°F.
  • You can propagate it from seeds or cuttings. Plant seeds at least 1 inch deep in the soil.
  • The Maga primarily blooms in the summer. For extended blooming, consider deadheading spent flowers.

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