HomeBest and Top of Gardening19 Types of Ginger Plants | Best Ginger Varieties

19 Types of Ginger Plants | Best Ginger Varieties

Learn about the best Types of Ginger Plants and their uses. You can grow them for ornamental and culinary purposes easily!

Apart from common ginger, other species are grown not just for taste but for their appearance as well. Check out the best Types of Ginger Plants down here.

Have a look at the best types of eggplants here


Types of Ginger Plants

1. Common Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants

Botanical Name: Zingiber Officinale

Other Names: True Ginger, Jengibre, Jenjibre Dulce, Ginger, Adrak, and Kion

Common ginger is a world-famous herb, popular for its aromatic and pungent rhizomes. It has significant medicinal and culinary uses and needs.

Growing Tips

  • Ginger thrives best in filtered sunlight.
  • You can grow it in pots as well. Check out our tutorial for more details.

Want to grow cardamom in pots? Click here

2. Beehive Ginger

Botanical Name: Zingiber spectabile

Other Names: Ginger Wort, Malaysian Ginger

Beehive Ginger is famous as an ornamental plant due to its unique beehive-like yellow inflorescences that become red once mature. All parts have a strong gingery fragrance, making local dishes and appetizers.

Growing Tips

  • Avoid placing it in full sun, as direct sunlight can burn this plant.
  • It grows best in a humid climate.

3. Bitter Ginger

Botanical Name: Zingiber zerumbet

Other Names: Pinecone Ginger, Itter Ginger, Broad-leaved Ginger, Martinique Ginger, Pinecone Lily, Lempoyang, and Wild Ginger

Also known as shampoo ginger, it tastes bitter compared to the common ginger and is added to food flavoring and appetizers. It’s used primarily in herbal medicines and making shampoos.

Growing Tips

  • Feed the plant with 8-4-6 fertilizer every three months.
  • Grow it in bright and filtered light in warm soil.

4. Myoga Ginger

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Botanical Name: Zingiber mioga

Other Name: Japanese Ginger

In Japan, Myoga Ginger’s flowers and young shoots are used as a tasty garnish on various food. It has a zesty and spicy flavor with a strong, pungent aroma.

Growing Tips

  • It is better to grow it in partial shade.
  • It thrives in moist soil.

5. Crepe Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants 3
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Botanical Name: Cheilocostus speciosus

Other Names: Crape Ginger, Malay Ginger, and Cane Reed

Known for its crepe-paper-like showy white flowers that emerge from reddish-burgundy spiraled inflorescences. It has a pungent taste with edible flowers and buds.

Growing Tips

  • It grows under the canopy of trees.
  • Warm and humid climates are best for its growth.

Learn some mind-blowing gardening tips here

6. Hidden Ginger

Botanical Name: Curcuma petiolata

Other Names: Queen Lily, Siam Tulip, Hidden Lily

Hidden Ginger is a Malaysian native with a spicy scent and a bitter taste. It produces beautiful flowers of bright purple, pink, or orange colors.

Growing Tips

  • This 2-3 feet tall plant becomes an excellent container specimen.
  • Growing it is similar to canna lilies.

7. Butterfly Lily Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants 4

Botanical Name: Hedychium coronarium

Other Name: White Ginger, Flor De Mariposa, Mariposa Blanca, Dolan Champa

Thanks to its scented flowers that look like fluttering butterflies. Its spicy edible roots are the main ingredient in flavoring soups, and the essential oil is beneficial in treating fever.

Growing Tips

  • The national flower of Cuba is very invasive in optimum growing conditions.
  • It’s better to grow it in pots.

8. Shell Ginger

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Botanical Name: Alpinia zerumbet

Other Name: Variegated Ginger, Sannin, Getto Plant

Shell ginger has ovate leaves with green stripes, making it an ornamental plant. It blooms clusters of pink buds, emitting a luscious aroma.

With a clove-like flavor, its edible leaves are the primary agents in noodles and teas in Okinawan cuisines.

Growing Tips

  • While it can grow up to 8-10 feet tall, it doesn’t exceed above 3-4 feet in pots.
  • It can be a beautiful houseplant.

9. Dancing Ladies Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants 5
shutterstock/Areeka

Botanical Name: Globba winitii

Other Name: White Dragon Flower

This showy ginger family plant is rare to find. It has unique flowers that emit a sweet honeysuckle-like fragrance and resembles dancing ladies when they move in the wind.

Growing Tips

  • It can be grown in USDA zones 8-11.
  • A spot that receives part sun is best. You can also grow it in the shade.

10. Yellow Ginger

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Botanical Name: Hedychium flavescens

Other Name: Cream Garland-Lily, Yellow Ginger Lily, Wild Ginger

Growing up to 5-6 feet tall, the fleshy rhizomes of yellow ginger are edible but not as flavorful as common ginger. Gardeners usually grow it for its highly fragrant flowers.

Growing Tips

  • Grow it in well-drained and moderately fertile soil.
  • It’s a shade-tolerant plant.

Check out the 16 spices to grow in pots here

11. Red Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants 6
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Botanical Name: Alpinia purpurata

Other Names: Ostrich Plumes, Pink Cone Ginger, Jungle king, Teuila Flower, and Tahitian Ginger

Rhizomes and stalks of this plant have a strong spicy scent. But what it’s famous for is the bright red or pink bracts that look stunning.

Growing Tips

  • The national flower of Samoa prefers warm and moist soil to thrive.
  • Grow it under diffused light, avoiding full sun.

12. Torch Ginger

Botanical Name: Etlingera elatior

Other Names: Wild ginger, Combrang, Bunga Kantan, Philippine Waxflower, and Red Ginger Lily, Indonesian Tall Ginger, Boca De Dragón, Rose De Porcelaine

This tropical plant looks glorious with its big and vibrant flowers that appear in red, pink, or orange colors.

The whole plant is edible, and fruits, seed pods, seeds, and flowers stems are eaten in many countries. Flower buds taste piquant and are used in traditional Indonesian and Thai dishes.

Growing Tips

  • You can also grow it in a large pot.
  • Protect it from intense afternoon sunlight.

13. Mango Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants 7

Botanical Name: Curcuma amada

Other Names: Mavina Shunti

Mango ginger is something between turmeric and ginger. The ginger-like rhizomes have a fragrant, spicy taste like common ginger with a hint of raw mango.

It is primarily used in Indian cooking in preparing pickles, chutneys, and soups.

Growing Tips

  • Growing it is similar to common ginger.
  • In cold climates, you can grow it in warmer months.

14. Kahili Ginger

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Botanical Name: Hedychium gardnerianum

Other Name: Fragrant Ginger Lily, Kahila Garland-Lily

This plant is native to Himalayan regions and grown primarily for ornamental purpose. Large dramatic foliage and showy, fragrant flowers make it a truly exotic tropical plant.

Growing Tips

  • It can be up to 8 feet tall. In containers, it doesn’t exceed above 3-4 feet.
  • You can grow it indoors, as well.

15. Thai Ginger

Types of Ginger Plants 8
shutterstock/Loverice

Botanical Name: Alpinia galanga

Other Names: Thai Ginseng Ginger, Krachai Dum Ginger, Lengkuas, Blue Ginger, and Greater Galangal

Rhizomes of Thai ginger have a pungent aroma with a flavor of pine needles and black pepper. Its rhizomes, flowers, and shoots have extensive uses in Thai curry, chili paste, and pickles.

Growing Tips

  • Unlike other types of ginger plants, galanga can tolerate more sun and grows best in partial sunlight.
  • Grow it in rich and moist soil.

Find out the best tea herbs here

16. Pineapple Ginger

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Botanical Name: Tapeinochilos ananassae

Other Names: Indonesian Wax Ginger, Lipstick Ginger

Pineapple ginger has inconspicuous orange-yellow flowers and deep red bracts that grow on long cone-shaped inflorescences that resemble pineapples.

It’s grown for ornamental purposes and used popularly in tropical cut flower arrangements.

Growing Tips

  • It grows well in filtered sunlight.
  • You can also place it indoors in a spot that receives several hours of morning sunlight.

17. Resurrection Lily

Types of Ginger Plants 9
gabbarfarms

Botanical Name: Kaempferia rotunda

Other Names: Peacock ginger, Variegated Ginger Lily, Indian Crocus, Round-Rooted Galangal

It’s grown for dramatic foliage and lily-like flowers that emerge with sweet fragrance during fall and summer. The tubers have a not-so-pleasant spicy flavor and have similar uses to ginger.

Growing Tips

  • It thrives well in moist soil.
  • Grow the plant in a semi-shade.

18. Turmeric

Botanical Name: Curcuma longa

Other Names: White Turmeric, Turmeric Ginger

The must-have spice in Indian curries is not just used for food coloring–It’s a superfood. Its roots have a peppery flavor with a slight hint of lemon.

Growing Tips

  • You can easily grow several plants together in a medium-sized pot.
  • Learn everything about growing turmeric here.

19. Siam Tulip

Types of Ginger Plants 10
shutterstock/rainyclub

Botanical Name: Curcuma alismatifolia

Other Names: Pink Ginger Tulip, Pink Ginger Plant

If you love flowers then this ginger is a must-have in your garden. It blooms pretty pink blossoms with a red hue – they are also edible.

Growing Tips

  • Use a well-draining growing medium.
  • Expose the plant to not more than 3-4 hours of direct sunlight.

Find out the most fragrant flowers for the garden here

12 COMMENTS

  1. I never knew there were so many types of ginger. I also didnt know Glanglag and tumeric were types of ginger plants. What a beautiful plant, unfortunately I live in zone 7 so many wont grow more than the summer season, an annual type. thanks so much for this informative article.

  2. I was searching a flower name and I came across this beautiful and informative website. There are so many varieties of ginger plants. The flower which I was searching is hidden ginger/ hidden lily. I am extremely surprised to know about Butterfly lily ginger. Thank you so much for the information..

    • I also came across this but would love to know real Indian ginger that is commonly used by people of India
      Allimuthu Perumal

  3. Hi, nice collection. I happen to stumble upon it while doing research. Please I’ll like to ask for and also suggest you put it on other articles you have here, the date of publishing and name of the author of the article on the posts.
    I need to reference the amazing work you have here on my research paper. Especially for this types of ginger.
    Thanks

    • Possibly cross-reference other authors whose work was also used in the publication, including Photo Credits.
      Thanks Once Again

  4. Hello,
    it’s amazing. Living in South America, i didn’t know all these plantes were ginger family’s.
    Good work
    Thx

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