15 Types of Artichokes | Best Artichoke Plant Varieties

Sherin Woods is a California-based DIY enthusiast and garden design aficionado. With a background in Environmental Science, she combines creativity and sustainability in all her projects. A Pinterest favorite, Sherin is committed to eco-friendly solutions and has contributed to various home and garden publications. Her areas of expertise include DIY project planning, sustainable garden design, and content creation.
Learn About Our Editorial Policy

2-Minute Read

Do you like the nutty and buttery flavor of artichokes? If yes! Then explore the different Types of Artichokes you can grow!

Artichoke varieties are divided into two categories–Globe and Elongated. Both have similar growing needs with identical flavor and texture. The globe or round variety is often used for stuffing while the elongated is served as a side dish. Here are different Types of Artichokes that come under both the varieties!

Check out our article on how to grow Artichokes in Pots here! 

Different Types of Artichokes

Globe Artichokes

Globe artichokes are the familiar ones that we see at the stores. They are considered as true artichokes and are available all year long. While buying, choose tightly packed chokes with green and purple leaves.

1. Baby Anzio Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

Baby Anzio is the smallest artichoke variety, measuring just 2 inches in diameter. This variety is harvested early, making it tasty with a sweet and nutty, caramel-like flavor. Mostly served grilled or roasted with garlic, butter, or olive oil.

2. Big Heart Artichoke

This artichoke grows without thorns and produces 3-5 and a 1/2 inches wide, dense bud. It has a large, fleshy base and weighs around a pound. It pairs well with Parmesan Soup.

3. Castel Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 2

This light green and round shape variety is loaded with vitamin B, potassium, calcium, and antioxidants. Have it steamed or boiled with a dip. It also helps in relieving low-blood pressure and digestive ailments.

4. Chianti Artichoke

Chianti produces 4-5 inches wide green artichokes with maroon dashes on leaves. It is an Italian variety related to Romanesco artichoke. It tastes best when stuffed with dried tomatoes and cheese!

5. Fiesole Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 3

Fiesole features a tulip-shaped flower with deep violet-wine colored skin. This is the most delicious of all baby artichoke varieties with intense nutty and fruity flavor with grassy tones.

6. Green Globe Artichoke

It is the most common artichoke with wide, deep green buds and a light purple tinge. The green globe is excellent for use in salads and pairs well with spicy and flavorful dishes.

7. Imperial Star Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 4

The imperial star artichoke is the most popular homegrown variety and produces 4-5 inches wide buds. It has a similar flavor to the green globe variety, though it is a bit sweeter.

8. Jerusalem Artichoke

Jerusalem’s elongated tubers are 3-4 inches long and give an appearance of ginger root. It goes best with soups and salads. You can also use it as an alternative to potatoes.

9. Lyon Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 5

Lyon has the largest heart in the artichoke family, growing up to 6 inches in diameter. It has a nutty, slightly sweet, and buttery flavor and is mostly used for stuffing. The leaves are used in salads.

10. Sangria Artichoke

It forms 3-4 inches wide artichokes with deep purple meaty leaves. It has a nutty flavor and can be consumed steamed. You can also add it to salads, pizzas, and pasta.

11. Omaha Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 6

Omaha has a less bitter taste compared to other artichokes. This variety is quite meaty and has a buttery, nutty, sweet flavor. You can grill or stuff it and serve with spicy dishes.

12. Carciofo Romanesco Artichoke

This variety has deep purple leaves with a green tinge. Just like most artichokes, it is also thornless and tender with a nutty flavor and large heart. It tastes best when grilled.

13. Tempo Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 7

This hybrid variety has 4-5 inches wide buds with purple tinge on bracts. It tastes best when roasted with garlic, lemon juice, and butter. You can also boil and sauté.

Here are the best types of Lettuce you can grow! 

Elongated Artichokes

Elongated artichokes are conical shaped and long in size. They have similar nutritional values like the globe artichokes.

14. Siena Artichoke

This artichoke variety matures last in the growing season. It produces 4 inches wide, oblong, wine-red color tender hearts. They taste great when cooked with olive oil, garlic, pepper, and lemon juice.

15. Violetta Artichoke

Types of Artichokes 9

Violetta variety offers 5 inches long and 3 inches wide artichokes with thick purple leaves. It has a nutty, buttery flavor and consumed in salads. You can also grill them with garlic herb butter and lemon.

Want to know about some of the best types of mangoes? Click here

Recent Posts

Join our 3 Million Followers:


Related Articles


  1. Thanks for your Webb site was very informative. In fact you are the only one I found that gives details of artichokes.
    My wife is french and somehow she loves artichokes with oil. In England they are very difficult to find and expensive. She mentioned many comes from Brittany. I can not find plug plants so I have get seed. Where can I purchase them please.
    I have been informed not all seeds germinate to type. But am willing to try several types on my 2 allotments.
    I rambled because I need to know. All I can find is globe is small to medium size so not much of a meal.
    Hope you can help.I take no notice of pop ups or ads for your information
    If I am successful with your reply I will let you know


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here