15 Types of Artichokes | Best Artichoke Plant Varieties

Do you like the nutty and buttery flavor of artichokes? If yes! Then explore the different Types of Artichokes you can grow!

Artichoke varieties are divided into two categories–Globe and Elongated. Both have similar growing needs with identical flavor and texture. The globe or round variety is often used for stuffing while the elongated is served as a side dish. Here are different Types of Artichokes that come under both the varieties!

Check out our article on how to grow Artichokes in Pots here! 


Different Types of Artichokes

Globe Artichokes

Globe artichokes are the familiar ones that we see at the stores. They are considered as true artichokes and are available all year long. While buying, choose tightly packed chokes with green and purple leaves.

1. Baby Anzio Artichoke

Types of Artichokes

Baby Anzio is the smallest artichoke variety, measuring just 2 inches in diameter. This variety is harvested early, making it tasty with a sweet and nutty, caramel-like flavor. Mostly served grilled or roasted with garlic, butter, or olive oil.

2. Big Heart Artichoke

This artichoke grows without thorns and produces 3-5 and a 1/2 inches wide, dense bud. It has a large, fleshy base and weighs around a pound. It pairs well with Parmesan Soup.

3. Castel Artichoke

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This light green and round shape variety is loaded with vitamin B, potassium, calcium, and antioxidants. Have it steamed or boiled with a dip. It also helps in relieving low-blood pressure and digestive ailments.

4. Chianti Artichoke

Chianti produces 4-5 inches wide green artichokes with maroon dashes on leaves. It is an Italian variety related to Romanesco artichoke. It tastes best when stuffed with dried tomatoes and cheese!

5. Fiesole Artichoke

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Fiesole features a tulip-shaped flower with deep violet-wine colored skin. This is the most delicious of all baby artichoke varieties with intense nutty and fruity flavor with grassy tones.

6. Green Globe Artichoke

It is the most common artichoke with wide, deep green buds and a light purple tinge. The green globe is excellent for use in salads and pairs well with spicy and flavorful dishes.

7. Imperial Star Artichoke

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The imperial star artichoke is the most popular homegrown variety and produces 4-5 inches wide buds. It has a similar flavor to the green globe variety, though it is a bit sweeter.

8. Jerusalem Artichoke

Jerusalem’s elongated tubers are 3-4 inches long and give an appearance of ginger root. It goes best with soups and salads. You can also use it as an alternative to potatoes.

9. Lyon Artichoke

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Lyon has the largest heart in the artichoke family, growing up to 6 inches in diameter. It has a nutty, slightly sweet, and buttery flavor and is mostly used for stuffing. The leaves are used in salads.

10. Sangria Artichoke

It forms 3-4 inches wide artichokes with deep purple meaty leaves. It has a nutty flavor and can be consumed steamed. You can also add it to salads, pizzas, and pasta.

11. Omaha Artichoke

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Omaha has a less bitter taste compared to other artichokes. This variety is quite meaty and has a buttery, nutty, sweet flavor. You can grill or stuff it and serve with spicy dishes.

12. Carciofo Romanesco Artichoke

This variety has deep purple leaves with a green tinge. Just like most artichokes, it is also thornless and tender with a nutty flavor and large heart. It tastes best when grilled.

13. Tempo Artichoke

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This hybrid variety has 4-5 inches wide buds with purple tinge on bracts. It tastes best when roasted with garlic, lemon juice, and butter. You can also boil and sauté.

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Elongated Artichokes

Elongated artichokes are conical shaped and long in size. They have similar nutritional values like the globe artichokes.

14. Siena Artichoke

This artichoke variety matures last in the growing season. It produces 4 inches wide, oblong, wine-red color tender hearts. They taste great when cooked with olive oil, garlic, pepper, and lemon juice.

15. Violetta Artichoke

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Violetta variety offers 5 inches long and 3 inches wide artichokes with thick purple leaves. It has a nutty, buttery flavor and consumed in salads. You can also grill them with garlic herb butter and lemon.

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