29 Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties

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There are many spurge species that come in quirky shapes and sizes. Here are the Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties you can grow!

If you want an ornamental plant that looks the part with succulent foliage and beautiful flowers, then have a look at the Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties that will surely look spectacular in your garden!

Here are the most popular Dracaena varieties you can grow

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties

1. Poinsettia

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties

Botanical Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima

USDA Zones: 10a-11 b

This small tree or shrub features upright succulent stems with beautiful blazing red leaves that look like flowers. It is one of the most beautiful houseplants that you can grow!

2. Desert Candle

Botanical Name: Euphorbia abyssinica

USDA Zones: 9b-11b

Desert Candle is a tree-like succulent with a thick green trunk that becomes woody with maturity. It grows flowers without petals having yellow bracts.

3. Pencil Cactus

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 2

Botanical Name: Euphorbia tirucalli

Hardiness Zone: 10-12

The cylindrical-shaped branches of this plant look a lot like a pencil. Though it is usually green, but keep it in full sun and it will take a fiery red hue!

4. African Milk Tree


Botanical Name: Euphorbia trigona

Hardiness Zone: 9-11

You must have seen this plant in a lot of pictures and movies! It looks a lot like cactus, but is actually a succulent! And yes, it can grow up to an impressive height of 6-8 feet.

5. Dragon Bones Tree

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 4

Botanical Name: Euphorbia lactea

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This small shrub showcases upright green stems in cross-sections with a pale center. They have showy white and lime green patterns, with a couple of blackthorns.

6. Crown of Thorns

Botanical Name: Euphorbia milii

USDA Zones: 9-11

This evergreen bushy euphorbia is often grown as a houseplant. You can choose from different varieties with pink, red, or yellow blooms that flowers continually.

Check out our article on growing Crown of Thorns here

7. Wood Spurge

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 8

Botanical Name: Euphorbia amygdaloides

USDA Zones: 6-8

Wood spurge is an evergreen variety that blooms in yellow flowers from mid to late spring and grows up to 1-2 feet tall.

8. Donkey Tail Spurge


Botanical Name: Euphorbia myrsinites

USDA Zones: 5-9

This creeping perennial can grow up to 1-2 feet tall and displays blue-gray leaves with yellow blooms. It looks great in compact pots.

9. Basketball Euphorbia

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Botanical Name: Euphorbia obesa

USDA Zones: 9-11

This small succulent has a ball-shaped round stem that slowly turns cylindrical with maturity. Commonly, you can see it as a houseplant.

10. Cushion Spurge

Botanical Name: Euphorbia polychroma

USDA Zones: 4-8

This clumping perennial features yellow blooms during spring – it can grow up to 1-3 feet tall. The foliage is very dense, which gives it a cushion-like look.

11. River Euphorbia

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Botanical Name: Euphorbia triangularis

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

Also known as Chandelier Tree, this succulent has several cylindrical trunks with a crown of light green to yellow-green branches.

12. Pencil Milkbush

Botanical Name: Euphorbia mauritanica

USDA Zones: 9b-11b

Also popular as Golden Spurge, Yellow Milkbush, and Jackal’s Food, this shrub offers several upright, fleshy, pencil-like branches. It grows bright yellow blooms from winter to spring.

13. Debilispina

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 12

Botanical Name: Euphorbia debilispina

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This spiny succulent shrub produces large, heavily branched clumps. The grey-green to blue-green stems display a red tinge in full sun.

14. Leafless Spurge


Botanical Name: Euphorbia aphylla

USDA Zones: 9b-11b

It features leafless light gray-green, yellow-green, or blue-green stems that grow from a short trunk. Yellow flowers open in clusters year-round but primarily in spring and fall.

15. String of Stars

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 13

Botanical Name: Euphorbia guiengola

USDA Zones: 10b-11b

It’s a rare, spreading succulent that offers branched stems, small green leaves, and several white blooms with red centers. This deciduous plant flowers continuously during winter.

16. Red Monadenium

Botanical Name: Euphorbia neorubella

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This variety features clusters of many small tubers. Dark green leaves with red undersides grow on the top of green stems, patterned in purple-green streaks.

17. Antique Spurge

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 14

Botanical Name: Euphorbia antiquorum

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

Antique Spurge is a small tree or shrub with smooth green branches, green leaves, and brown cylindrical stems. Clusters of cup-shaped yellow-green to pink blooms appear across the year.

18. Damask

Botanical Name: Euphorbia abdelkuri

USDA Zones: 9-11

This clumping succulent has spineless cylindrical, columnar candle-like green-gray to ash gray stems with ribs. It can grow up to 2-3 feet tall.

19. Vulcanorum

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 15

Botanical Name: Euphorbia vulcanorum

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This succulent shrub has dense 4-5 angled green branches that grow up to 2-3 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide. It blooms in small, ornamental orange-red fiery flowers from spring and fall.

20. Baioensis

Botanical Name: Euphorbia baioensis

USDA Zones: 10b-11b

This small succulent has cylindrical, 1-2 feet long stems, branched from the base covered in spines with red tips that turn black with age. Small pale yellow blooms emerge from spring to summer.

21. Cliff Spurge

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 16

Botanical Name: Euphorbia misera

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

Cliff spurge has 3-4 feet upright branched stems with dull green and round hairy leaves. It flowers in spring with yellow or white blooms.

22. Indian Spurge Tree


Botanical Name: Euphorbia neriifolia

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This prickly succulent shrub grows up to 1-3 feet tall with thick stems, large green leaves, and grey-brown to black spines. Bell-shaped yellow-green and red blooms appear in spring.

23. Crown of Thorns

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 17

Botanical Name: Euphorbia geroldii

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This beautiful semi-succulent shrub features glossy deep green leaves on a 2-3 feet tall plant. It constantly blooms in coral red flowers with yellow centers.

24. African Candelabra

Botanical Name: Euphorbia ammak

USDA Zones: 9-12

This tree-like plant can achieve an impressive height of 15-20 feet over time. The broad and obconical crowns are erect and have lanceolate leaves at the top.

25. False Globose Spurge

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 18

Botanical Name: Euphorbia pseudoglobosa

USDA Zones: 10b-11b

This dwarf spineless euphorbia creates a thick mat of divided globular green to grey-green stems with 5-6 ribs. It blooms in small, unisexual, yellow flowers at the tips.

26. Decaryi

Botanical Name: Euphorbia decaryi

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

It’s a small leafy, perennial shrub with zig-zag, wavy-edged foliage. This mat-forming plant grows up to 4-6 inches tall and blooms in yellow, red, or yellow-green flowers.

27. Caribbean Copper Plant

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties 19

Botanical Name: Euphorbia cotinifolia

Hardiness Zones: 9a-11b

This tropical shrub has upright purple stems that bear fleshy copper-red leaves with a purple hue. Flowers appear in late spring to mid-summer.

28. Devil’s Backbone

Botanical Name: Euphorbia tithymaloides

Hardiness Zones: 9-11

It is quite a distinct plant with zig-zag stems and slightly ruffled leaves. The plant is a slow grower and gets 3-4 feet tall. It looks great in patterned small pots.

29. Snowbush

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Botanical Name: Euphorbia leucocephala

Hardiness Zone: 10-11

The appearance of the plant truly lives up to its name. It is an unusual shrub that blooms white flowers with a very pleasing sweet fragrance, too!

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