Learn how to grow red clover in this article. Planting and growing red clover require a few requirements that are given below.
Other Names— Beebread, Cow Clover, Daidzein, Genistein, Isoflavone, Meadow Clover, Phytoestrogen, Purple Clover, Trebol Rojo, Trèfle Commun, Trèfle des Prés, Trèfle Pourpre, Trèfle Rougeâtre, Trèfle Violet, Trefoil, Trifolium, Trifolium pratense, Wild Clover
Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a perennial plant, grown widespread and cultivated as a forage grass in many countries. Red clover prefers grasslands and wet meadows, where it grows up to 50 centimeters in height, producing spikes of purple-red color.
It is a legume and has been used as a cover crop like white clover. Red clover is also considered as a medicinal plant. The drug is made from its flowers, which contain a volatile oil that consists flavonoids, derivatives of coumarin and cyanogenic glycosides.
Propagation and Planting Red Clover
High yield is obtained by sowing of 3.63 to 4.54 kg of red clover seeds per acre in a well-prepared soil. Seeds are sowed in spring or summer, depending on the climate at the depth of 1-2 cm, spacing each plant 30-40 cm apart. Wide spacing of plants helps in proper growth.
Requirements for Growing Red Clover
Red clover can be grown in poor soil too but for optimum growth soil should be moderately fertile, calcium rich and slightly acidic to neutral in pH.
Growing red clover is suitable in a partially shaded spot.
It also requires phosphorus and potassium fertilization in early spring or fall. Before seed sowing use 80-120 kg of phosphorus per hectare, whereas potassium is applied in two doses: before sowing and early spring in quantities of 50-70 kg.
Diseases and pests
Plantations of red clover are attacked by threatening fungal infections, bacterial and viral infections, which can bring significant losses in yield. Common diseases that attack red clover are brown spot and powdery mildew. Fungal infections also affect the condition of the leaves – plants wilt, turn yellow and wither.
To learn how to harvest red clover, read this.