Learn all about Growing Datura. Know How to Grow Jimonseed for its medicinal properties and low maintenance needs!
The Datura plant is native to America and Mexico and is often associated with similar species like the Devil’s Trumpet or Angel’s Trumpet. Growing Datura is easy, and this medicinal herb doesn’t require special care or attention. Here’s a guide with all information on How to Grow Jimonseed.
Botanical Name: Datura inoxia,
USDA Zones: 9 – 11
Common Names— Jimson weed, Devil’s snare, thornapple, moonflower, hell’s bells, Devil’s trumpet, Devil’s weed, tolguacha, Jamestown weed, stinkweed, locoweed, pricklyburr, and Devil’s cucumber
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Datura Plant Information
With gray-green, pale leaves, the plant also produces flowers that bloom in the shape of trumpets only during the night. This perennial flowering plant is native to warmer zones and is grown annually in colder places.
Datura looks like a small shrub that grows wider than taller. It can grow up to 1-2 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide. With oval-shaped, dark green leaves that can grow up to 6-8 inches long, the plant produces fragrant blooms in summer and fall.
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Jimsonweed or Datura can be propagated by division or root cutting, stem cuttings, or seeds.
Propagate Datura via Division
Follow the steps to propagate Jimsonweed via division:
- Cut the tuberous rootball in halves, or quarters on top of a hard, flat surface using a sharp and clean knife. Use a trowel or hand shovel to dig out the root ball carefully. Be careful with this toxic plant, and wear hand gloves while handling it.
- Take each root cutting and transplant in an individual container with enough drainage.
- For cuttings, snip 5-6 inches of long stems. Do make sure to wear gloves as they secrete sap.
- Fill the pot with loamy, rich soil and make a small hole to plant the cuttings. Water the soil enough to keep it moist but not soggy.
- Place the container in a sunny, warm spot and wait for 3-4 weeks before you spot new growth.
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Types of Datura
Here are the varieties of Datura, or Jimsonweed:
- Datura Metel: It is a bit more cold-tolerant than the usual Datura but similar in many ways.
- Datura Stramonium: It is also known as Jimsonweed or Thorn Apple. It is most known for its prickly, small seed capsules.
- Datura Ferox: It is also called the Long-Spined Thorn Apple. It sports large spines on the seed pods.
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Growing Requirements of Datura
Datura or Jimsonweed prefers to grow in a location that receives 6-8 hours of sunlight on most days. It can also work in a shaded spot but will produce lesser flowers and look weak.
Humus-rich, well-drained, and loamy soil with excellent drainage is required for Growing Datura. However, it tolerates a variety of soil types.
Water your Datura regularly when it is established to keep it moist but not soggy. Once matured, it doesn’t need regular watering as it looks for water deep into the soil using its long taproot.
Temperature and Humidity
Datura loves warm temperatures and can tolerate heat as long as the moisture needs are fulfilled. However, it’s not very cold-hardy, and freezing temperatures can kill it. It should be grown in temperatures above 50°F or 10°C.
Moreover, humidity usually is not a problem for the plant that receives proper water.
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The plant is used to growing in the worst of conditions and thrives without any fertilizer. You can amend the soil with organic matter when planting to give it a little boost in growth.
Prune off damaged, decayed, dead, or diseased parts of the plant. Typically, pruning is not necessary, but you can trim the plant lightly during the growing season. It will keep the plant at a desired shape and height.
Pests and Diseases
The plant is not bothered by pests and diseases much. However, spider mites, whiteflies, and mealybugs may attack it. Be careful not to overwater as, like any other plant; it can get affected by root rot.
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Uses and Effects of Datura
Datura stramonium contains potent alkaloids. The plant, if ingested, can cause hallucinations, tachycardia, muscle weakness, and amnesia.
It is mainly used for medicinal purposes as a sedative. Ayurveda uses it to treat asthma or cough. The seeds are analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anthelmintic and are used in treating intestinal and stomach pain due to worm infestation.
It can also cure fever and toothache. The fruit juice is used to treat falling hair and dandruff.