Learn how to grow mamoncillo, read this informative guide on growing mamoncillo to know more about this tropical fruit.
Mamoncillo is a fruit grows on an erect tall growing mamoncillo tree. Growing mamoncillo in a small patio or garden is not possible, you need a lot of space to grow this fruit tree.
Family — Sapindaceae
Genus — Melicoccus
USDA Hardiness Zones — 10, 11
Propagation Method — Cuttings, seed
Difficulty — Moderate
Other Names — Melicoccus bijugatus, chenette, quenette, gnep, guinep, guaya, quenepa, kenip, genip, ginnip, kenepa, knippa, Spanish lime, limoncillo
Also called as Spanish lime, mamoncillo resembles small lime sold in clusters, it doesn’t belong to citrus family and is more like indehiscent fruit (fruit that has hard outer and tough to open). It tastes between lychee to lime. It grows up to 25 m. (85 f.) tall and spread vigorously.
The fruit looks like small unripe mango and it resembles the texture of boiled egg. Hard covering from outside and soft pulpy fruit inside and seed in center.
Mamoncillo grows in subtropical climate. It is drought tolerant but serious damage inflict if exposed in frost. It can’t bear the temperature below 25 F (-4 C).
Mamoncillo is a tropical tree and like other tropical plants and trees, it loves full sun.
It can be grown in variety of soil type, poor to rich and sandy but soil should be well drained.
Adult memoncillo trees are drought tolerant, though young plant (less than 4 years) require regular watering while establishing.
Instead of growing it from seeds, you should buy a plant from nursery because mamoncillo grown from seeds takes 8-10 years to fruit and even that only after grafting. Buy a healthy plant and plant it on a dry sunny spot of your garden, which is clear from other trees.
Fertilizer young mamoncillo plant (below 4 years) with complete fertilizer every other month. Twice in a year apply farm manure around the it. Once the mamoncillo tree becomes mature and starts fruit production, apply phosphorous and potassium rich fertilizer.
After 4-5 years of growing (if grown from cuttings) mamoncillo starts to fruit. If you grow it from seeds it takes long time up to 8 years to fruit. When fruit’s shell becomes brittle and easily breakable then it is the time to harvest fruits.
Pests and Diseases
Fruit flies, leaf spot and green scurf are the common pests and diseases that infect it.