Lily of the Nile Care and Growing Information

Raul is an Editor at BalconyGardenWeb and an expert in flower and herb cultivation based in Phoenix, Arizona. A frequent speaker at horticultural events, he is also an active contributor to Facebook flower groups. Holding an MBA degree, Raul blends his gardening skills with strong leadership and analytical abilities.
Learn About Our Editorial Policy

2-Minute Read

Read everything about Lily of the Nile Care and Growing Information and add a touch of lively blue color to your outdoor space.

Lily of the Nile

If you’re looking to add a touch of blue to your garden, consider growing Lily of the Nile  These showy and versatile plants are easy to care for and will reward you with their stunning blooms year after year. In this guide, we’ll cover all the basics of caring for and growing Lily of the Nile, from planting to maintenance.

Read about Red Spider Lily Care and Growing Guide 

Lily of the Nile Plant Information

Lily of the Nile Care and Growing Information

The Lily of the Nile plant is native to South Africa, particularly in the eastern and southern regions. It grows in a range of habitats, including grasslands, forests, and rocky slopes.

The plant is known to have been cultivated in the Cape of Good Hope as early as the 17th century and was introduced to Europe in the 18th century.

The Lily of the Nile plant is a perennial herb in the Agapanthus genus. It has long, narrow leaves that grow in a basal rosette and can reach up to two feet in length.

It can grow up to four feet in height and produces large, spherical clusters of flowers that can range in color from white to blue to purple. The trumpet-shaped flowers can reach up to six inches in diameter. The plant blooms in summer and can continue flowering for several weeks.

Propagating Lily of the Nile

The division is the most common method of propagating Agapanthus. It is best to divide the plant in the spring, just as new growth emerges. Here are the steps to follow:

Dig up the entire plant and gently remove any excess soil from the roots. Carefully separate the clumps of roots by pulling them apart or cutting them with a sharp, clean knife. Make sure that each division has a healthy root system and a few leaves or buds.

Replant each division in a well-draining soil mix and water thoroughly.

Best Varieties of Lily of the Nile

Lily of the Nile 2

  • Blue Triumphator: This is a popular variety of Lily of the Nile known for its large blue flowers. It is a tall plant that can reach up to 3 feet in height and has a spread of about 2 feet.
  • Snowball: The flowers of this variety are slightly smaller than other varieties, but they make up for it in their sheer number. This plant is also shorter than many other varieties, reaching a height of only 18-24 inches.
  • Peter Pan: It is a dwarf variety of Lily of the Nile, perfect for small gardens or containers. It produces clusters of blue flowers that bloom in mid-summer and can reach a height of up to 18 inches.
  • Albus: Albus is a white-flowered variety of Lily of the Nile that is perfect for adding a touch of elegance to any garden. It produces large clusters of pure white flowers that bloom in mid-summer.
  • Back in Black: It is a unique variety of Lily of the Nile that produces dark purple flowers. It is a tall plant that can reach up to 3 feet in height and has a spread of about 2 feet.

Pot Size for Lily of the Nile 

The pot size for Lily of the Nile can vary depending on the plant size and how large you want it to grow. Generally, a pot with a diameter of 10-12 inches would be good to start the plant.

Depending on the growth and spread, keep repotting it into a one-size-bigger container rather than the old one.

Requirements for Growing Lily of the Nile

Requirements for Growing Lily of the Nile


Lily of the Nile requires at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight every day to bloom and produce healthy foliage. It can tolerate partial shade, but it will not bloom as profusely as it would in full sun.

In areas with hot summers, these flowers may require some afternoon shade to protect them from scorching heat. In contrast, in areas with mild summers, the plant may benefit from more hours of direct sunlight.


Use sandy, loamy, and clay soil, which is well-draining. It prefers neutral to slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.

Improve the soil with compost or organic matter. It helps enhance soil structure, drainage, and nutrient availability. Adding a handful of sand to the growing medium will also help.


These plants need regular watering to bloom and grow well. Water Lily of the Nile when the topsoil feels slightly dry to the touch. Overwatering can cause root rot, so it’s better to keep the soil dry rather than too wet.

During the blooming season (summer), water is more frequent. The plant is in its growing phase at this time and needs more water to support its growth.

In winter, reduce the watering. The plant goes dormant during the colder months, and too much water can lead to root rot.


Lily of the Nile grows best in temperatures ranging from 55°F to 75°F (13°C to 24°C) during the day and 50°F to 65°F (10°C to 18°C) at night.

In colder climates, it is best to grow these plants in containers and bring them indoors during winter months or provide adequate protection with mulch or frost cloth.

Lily of the Nile Care

Lily of the Nile 9


To promote healthy growth, fertilize the plant with a balanced liquid feed. diluted to 1/2 of its strength, once in 4-5 weeks. This will give it all the boost it needs to grow bigger and better flowers. Do not feed the plant in colder months.


To encourage prolonged blooming, deadhead Lily of the Nile by cutting off the faded flowers at the base. However, some individuals prefer to leave the seedheads intact for early winter appeal.

In the fall season, remove the flowered stems and yellowed leaves of deciduous lilies, as they naturally die back. On the other hand, untidy leaves on evergreens can be removed at any point.


In the fall, it’s important to protect potted Lily of the Nile plants by relocating them to a well-lit, frost-free area. This could be a cool greenhouse or cold frame or even the bottom of a south- or west-facing wall if other options are unavailable.

It’s advisable to wrap them with two to three layers of Horticultural fleece.

Pests and Diseases

Lily of the Nile is susceptible to various pests, including mealybugs, thrips, and aphids. To prevent infestations, inspect regularly for any signs of pests, such as white cottony masses or yellow spots on leaves, and use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control them.

To keep most of the potential diseases at bay, avoid overwatering and wetting the leaves. Also, make sure the plant gets plenty of air circulation.

Recent Posts

Join our 3 Million Followers:


Related Articles


  1. I am wondering if you can show pictures of the bulb of the Lily of the Nile. I have some plants in my yard that were here when we purchased our house and I have no idea what they are. Thank you


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here