Growing clementines is delightful as fresh clementines orange taste heavenly. Learn how to grow clementines in this article.
USDA zones — 9 – 11
Propagation Method — Seeds, budding
Family — Rutaceae
Difficulty — Moderate
Exposure — Full sun
Other Names — Citrus x clementina ( Scientific name), Moroccan clementine, seedless tangerines, cantra, santra
Soil Type — Acidic to slightly acidic
Height — 3 – 4 m. (10 – 12 f)
Clementines orange is a hybrid variety of mandarin orange. It has very juicy and sweet fruits. Clementine fruits are delicious combination of tangerine and a slightly bitter orange. This hybrid variety has less or no seeds inside the fruit.
The clementines tree has a thick foliage and the leaves are long and arrow shaped. It is a dwarf tree with height of around three meters after maturity.
Planting and Growing Clementines
For growing clementines, planting should be done in spring or in autumn (don’t plant in summer in tropics). Plant it in a less windy place that receives full sun for best possible growth.
Growing clementines on the ground is possible only in subtropical and tropical climate with mild winter.
In colder regions plant clementines in a pot in order to save them from the danger of frost and freezing temperatures.
How to Grow clementines?
Clementines tree is moderately difficult to grow and very demanding if grown in cold climate. Although its foliage are resistant to very low temperatures, but its fruits are sensitive to cold. It requires great care and attention, regular watering and large nitrogen supply for vegetative growth. Before flowering and during the formation of fruits, apply citrus fertilizer.
Remove the dead wood and ventilate the center of the tree after fruiting.
The clementine is fairly resistant up to 18 F (-8 ° C) , but temperature below this is detrimental for plant .
Mulching is important. As it insulate and keep the plant warm. Mulching also help in conserving moisture.
In Mediterranean climate you can grow it outside, it may withstand the winter.
In more colder climate, if you’re growing clementines in pots, it is better to place it in a greenhouse or an unheated conservatory in order to protect the plant from frost.
A full-sized, ready to pick clementine fruit has roughly a diameter of 2 to 3 inch and is glossy orange in appearance. When plucking clementines, don’t pick those that are hard and have green peelings. A ripe clementine also emits sweet and tart orange odor.
Since the skin of clementines are thin, pulling them is a bed idea because it can peel off their skin. Instead, cut them off using a sharp shear and later remove stem after a few days.