10 Ways to Prevent Bitter Cucumbers & Grow Sweet and Juicy Fruits

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Here are some secrets on How to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers and Grow Sweet & Juicy Fruits! After reading this, you’ll have the tastiest harvest!

How to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers and Grow Sweet & Juicy Fruits
shutterstock/Peter Turner Photography
Hardly any gardeners have not had any experience growing bitter cucumbers. When it is grown under the wrong growing conditions, it can start to taste bitter or become tasteless. Check out our complete guide on How to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers and Grow Sweet & Juicy Fruits.

What Makes Cucumbers Bitter?

What Makes Cucumbers Bitter
shutterstock/Tatevosian Yana

Extreme differences in temperatures, like too cold or too hot, along with a lack of water, can make the fruits taste bitter.

However, some cucumbers may taste slightly bitter by nature as they are full of the organic compound known as Cucurbitacins that can make the fruit bitter.

How to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers and Grow Sweet & Juicy Fruits?

How to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers and Grow Sweet & Juicy Fruits

1. Potassium for Sweet Cucumbers

The number one secret is potassium! It plays a significant role in enhancing the sweetness of cucumbers by acting as a regulator, directing sugars from the leaves to the fruits. By maintaining optimal potassium levels, you not only make your cucumbers develop heightened sweetness but also a more balanced and nuanced flavor profile.

Incorporating organic sources of potassium into your gardening routine can contribute to this desired outcome. Banana peels, wood ash, and kelp meal offer slow-release potassium, enhancing sweetness over time.

2. Harvest Them on Time

Cucumbers are ready for harvest 50-70 days from planting. They become less delicious and bitter when they become too large. 
The right size to harvest cucumbers is about 6-8 inches for American slicers, 8-12 inches for Asian varieties, 4-6 inches for Middle Eastern kinds, and 3-5 inches for pickling types

3. Grow with Sunflowers

Sunflowers are known to release an enzyme called Elastase that naturally reduces the number of cucurbitacins in cucumbers. 
The cucumber tendrils use the stout sunflower stalks for support while climbing up, and you will find some of the sweetest-tasting cucumbers you have ever eaten.

4. Right Spot and Spacing

When growing cucumbers, you must plant them in a sunny location. Space them 10-12 inches apart, at least. If growing in a raised bed, space the mounds at least 3-4 feet apart to allow them to grow well without any bitterness.

5. No Frost, Please!

For sweeter cucumbers, you need to set out the transplants or sow the seeds after all the danger of frost has passed. Allow the soil to be as warm as 60°F or 16°C so there is no chance of frost stressing.

6. Water Them Right

During the early stages of growth, water stress, such as underwatering or overwatering, can cause Cucurbitacin (a bitter-tasting compound) to become concentrated in the fruit and make it bitter. 
Water the cucumber plants deeply 2-3 times a week, or you can place the plants on a drip so that the soil stays even and consistently moist but not wet. In pots, you can also use watering globes.

7. Add Mulch

Once the soil is as warm as 70°F or 21°C, you can help it lower the rate of moisture evaporation by adding black plastic or organic mulch to the plants.
Adding mulch will also lower weeds that start competing for nutrients and soil moisture ripping your cucumbers off the necessary ingredients to grow sweet. 

8. Grow Sweeter Varieties

To avoid bitter cucumbers, you can consider choosing much sweeter varieties and not bitter ones. Some of the best types with low cucurbitacins are Jazzer, Eversweet, Long Green Improved, Holland, Aria, Diva, Lemon, and Marketmore 97. 

9. Use a Rich Growing Medium

Cucumbers are heavy feeders, and any growing medium lacking organic matter can stress the plant out, making them more bitter. To avoid this, add plenty of compost and organic matter to the soil at the time of planting.
Also, if you don’t mind commercial fertilizers, use a balanced liquid feed, diluted to 1/4 of its strength, once in 3-4 weeks.
10. Protect from High Temperatures
Consistently higher temperatures than 90°F or 32°C can stress the plant and make them taste bitter. Keep the plant safe from the intense afternoon sun.

Number One Secret to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers

Number One Secret to Avoid Bitter Cucumbers

The best way to ensure that your cucumbers taste sweet is to cut both ends and rub the end of the cucumber with them in a circular motion. While doing it, you will notice a white substance forming, which is cucurbitacin, the main bitterness-causing substance.

You can also peel off the skin to reduce the chances of bitterness.

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