Growing Roma Tomatoes is similar to planting other tomato varieties. It is suitable for cooking and canning, you can also grow Roma tomatoes in pots.
What are Roma Tomatoes?
It is hard to resist the tomatoes, especially if grown at home. They’re rich red, meaty and egg-shaped tomatoes and can be grown easily with moderate efforts and proper care.
Roma tomatoes are categorized as paste tomatoes (fewer seeds and thick skin). Ideal for canning, conservation, perfect for processing and preparing delicious sauce, pastes, and well-assorted salad toppings.
Types of Roma Tomatoes
There are six amazing types of Roma tomatoes which you’ll definitely love to plant in your garden or lawn. They’re listed below:
Plum Regal are meaty, flavorful and dark red Roma tomatoes with good immunity towards early and late blight diseases. They’re easy to grow and require high fertile soil rich in phosphorus and moderate in nitrogen content.
Granadero is a bright red and oval-shaped Roma tomato variety. It has effective pest resistance and features an impressive growth in open grounds with fertile soil and moderately cool temperatures.
Sunrise Sauce variety of Roma tomatoes are sweet in taste and ideal for preparing delicious tomato sauces and pastes. They’re easy to grow and maintain with soil requirements the same as every Roma tomato species.
Heinz is a superior Roma tomato variety that nurtures large, plumy, flavorful and nutrition filled tomatoes. It is also rich in lycopene, an effective antioxidant that nourishes the body with several health benefits. Kindly ensure to grow them in organic-rich and well-drained soil accompanied by watering on a regular basis.
Martino’s Roma Tomato
Martino’s tomatoes are delicious, pear-shaped and slightly dark red tomatoes with good yield and early blight disease resistance. It’s growing requirements is similar to other varieties of Roma tomatoes.
San Marzano Tomato
San Marzano is widely used in seasoning, sauce preparation, and exotic salad toppings. They’re bright red long fruits with rich taste and thrive well in fertile, well-drained and organic soil.
How to Grow Roma Tomatoes
Roma tomatoes are not considered as heirloom tomatoes. They are determinate tomatoes that grow up to 1 m tall, suitable choice for gardeners with limited space. They can be grown in garden beds as well as in containers. The period of maturation of Roma tomatoes takes 75-90 days from germination to maturity.
Growing Roma tomatoes is not much different than cultivating other varieties. They may differ in shape and size but the growing process and requirements are similar. You just have to make sure that they get enough sunlight, water, fertile organic matter rich soil and care against pests and diseases. You can grow the Roma tomatoes in your garden bed as well as in pots.
A pot with at least 14-16inches height and 20-24 inches diameter are best suitable for growing Roma tomatoes. Also, provide extra depth so the plants can easily absorb and transport water/ It also helps them to get nutrients from the soil, helping them to achieve the optimum height.
Requirements for Growing Roma Tomatoes
It requires a lot of sunlight at least 6 hours is essential. If you are living in tropics protect the plant from the scorching afternoon sun. It is safe to say that a good amount of sun is the main component of a productive and successful harvest.
Roma Tomatoes thrives well in organic-rich, loamy, well-drained and light soil with warm temperature. It can easily tolerate slightly acidic soil conditions (pH range between 6 – 6.5). Make sure to add sand and organic matter if your soil is too heavy and soggy as it may hinder the aeration.
Water your plants regularly. Growing Roma tomatoes require plenty of water. In colder climates take care of watering, especially if grown in a partially shaded spot. Tomato plant requires more water at the time of fruiting. Lack of water can cause split tomatoes.
Also Read: Common Tomato Diseases
Roma tomatoes are determinate (stop growing and producing fruit after reaching a certain height) in nature and belong to the bush variety of tomatoes. So they don’t require pruning.
Roma Tomato Care
You can fertilize the plant with liquid fish fertilizer once a week if grown in a container during the growing season, moreover when the plant is setting fruits. Also, add balanced slow-release fertilizer during planting. The application of manure or compost time to time is also recommended. Avoid excessive nitrogen fertilization as it can affect the fruit quality of Roma tomatoes.
Pests and diseases
Roma tomatoes are resistant to many pests and diseases. In diseases, they are commonly infected by blossom end rot and fungal diseases if the foliage is kept wet. Tomato hornworms can be controlled by handpicking or using neem oil or you can try companion planting to prevent them.
Also Read: Tomato Companion Planting
Well-grown and ripen tomatoes are more delicious and flavorful as compared to fruits plucked before maturity. So make sure not to harvest tomatoes until they fully ripen. Since it is a determinate variety, all tomatoes ripen at about the same time. Harvest Roma tomato when it turns red from all sides and skin remains slightly soft.