When it comes to growing Bougainvilleas, you have to be sure of many things! These Bougainvillea Care Tips will help you grow them successfully!
For tropical climates, Bougainvilleas are a boon, as they are going to offer you an all year floral fiesta! Depending on the variety that you’ll choose, they can be easily grown in containers, trellis, as ground covers, and even in tree and bonsai forms! Here are some essential Bougainvillea Care Tips that’ll help you to grow them in the best possible way!
Check out our article on bougainvillea uses in the garden here!
1. Sun Exposure
To ensure that bougainvillea blooms abundantly, strategically put it at a location where it is exposed to the direct sunlight for at least 5-6 hours or more in a day. In winters, when you bring the pot indoors, place it at a spot where it can receive an ample amount of light.
2. Optimum Watering
Bougainvilleas are pretty drought tolerant and don’t ask for frequent waterings. It is always a good idea to water deeply when the topsoil goes dry, rather than shallow watering them frequently. In winter, when they go dormant, watering them once a week is enough.
Note: Keep bougainvillea on a slightly drier side for abundant blooms.
3. Planting In RIght Soil
For bougainvilleas to thrive, you need to plant them in well-draining soil. While growing them in pots, providing drainage holes is necessary. To avoid root rot, do not plant them in soil with high levels of peat moss.
4. Use Fertilizers
Bougainvillea requires regular fertilization when they flower. But wait, there is a catch! Using fertilizers too frequently can inhibit blossoming. Feeding bougainvillea, once in 4 weeks with 5-5-5 or 10-10-10 is enough. Always dilute the fertilizer to half its strength before use.
Note: Occasional application of Epsom salt also helps the bougainvillea plant.
5. Lack of Nutrients
Bougainvilleas are known to have a nutritional deficiency. Look out for:
- Pale green leaves indicate nitrogen deficiency.
- Leaves turning purple or red indicate a phosphorous deficiency.
- Purple edges on leaves, with brown tips, indicate a potassium deficiency.
- Twisted leaves indicate a zinc deficiency.
- If your plant is young and goes wilting, it indicates calcium deficiency.
If you notice such signs, buy a supplement. Do remember to follow the manufacturer’s instructions before using them.
6. Pruning is Must
These plants are vigorous growers, going bushy and invasive in no time! Trim them a little, after each flowering cycle, to keep their shape in check. Always wear gloves as the majority of them have thorns. Also, do not snip off the tips, as flowers appear on them, and you’ll be causing more harm than good.
7. Care in Winters
Make sure that you provide optimum drainage when the temperature drops. If you live in regions with freezing winters, the plant should not have wet feet, as it will cause root rot within no time. If you have bougainvillea in pots, relocate them indoors before the first frost.
8. Keep An Eye On Pests
Bougainvillea is not affected by pests that much. Still, be careful with aphids, mealybugs, caterpillars, slugs, and snails. You can eradicate those pests manually by hands or spraying neem oil solution on the plant to get rid of them.