How to Grow Betel Leaf Plant | Complete Growing Guide

Growing Betel leaf plant is not difficult but you need to be aware of its requirements. This rare, mildly stimulant herb can also be grown in containers, in a balcony, and even indoors in partial sunlight!

betel leaf plantBetel leaf plant (piper betel) is a creeper grown in India; it belongs to pepper family. Its waxy green, heart-shaped leaves are used for medicinal and culinary purposes. When crushed, it exudes cool peppery scent. It’s used in making a famous dessert called ‘Paan’ which is chewed with betel nut as a mouth freshener. This mildly stimulant herb is popular in whole South Asia (Indian subcontinent), Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam.

Learn how to grow betel leaf plant, follow this short guide.

USDA Zones: 9 to 11, *can be grown colder zones in container

Difficulty: Moderate

Planting Season: Spring and early summer (anytime in tropics)

Other Names: Wild pepper, kadok, bai cha plu, daun kaduk, betel pepper, la lot, paan, piper betle

It’s a perennial herb, which can also be grown in containers and hanging baskets. You can grow it from cuttings and root division. It thrives well in subtropical and tropical climate but growing betel leaf plant in a cold climate (as an annual, mostly) is also possible with extra care, in containers.

Growing Habit

Plant’s primary stem grows up to 1 m. long, after that it forms creeping stems having heart-shaped leaves that contain mild scent and exotic white spike-like flowers. It can be either trained as a climber or grown as a ground cover.

Propagation & Planting Betel Plant

It’s better if you buy a plant from a nursery, however, if you want to propagate it from cuttings, take about 18 cm long stem. Make 45 degrees cut using a sharp knife just below the leaf node. Remove all leaves from the cutting except top 2 leaves. Put the cutting in a glass of fresh water and place it on a spot like a windowsill in indirect sunlight. Keep changing the water every 2 days. Once several roots appear, transplant it into a deep container or in ground.

Requirements for Growing Betel Leaf Plant (Paan)

It prefers slightly acidic, sandy-loamy and lightly damp soil but not water logged. Use the well drained potting mix to plant it in a way that water will drain out from it quickly. Pick a less windy spot with partial shade for planting. *Choose a medium size deep planter if you’re growing it in the container.

Betel Leaf Care

  1. growing betel leaf plantIt thrives well in a hot and humid environment in partial shade. The betel plant needs regular watering.
  2. Prune regularly after it reaches 2 m. height to control the plant, regular pruning, and plucking of leaves encourages new growth and sweet and tender leaves.
  3. Occasional feeding in every couple of month in growing season of the plant with nitrogen-rich organic fertilizer like manure or compost is recommended.
  4. (In cold climate) Keep it indoors in winters when the temperature starts to fall below 41F (5C) in a warm and cozy room under grow light. It becomes dormant in brutal cold and sometimes shed its leaves too, but get to grow again in spring and remain in growth until fall.

In such conditions keep care of watering, over watering can cause root rot.

Pests and Diseases

It’s not pest free completely and attacked by red mites occasionally, which can be treated with insecticidal soap. It also suffers from fungal diseases, especially in rainy season or when overwatering is done. To save the plant, watering should be reduced. Leaf blight is another problem which affects betel plant in which brown and black oily patches cover the leaf. Leaf blight can be treated by simply pulling off the infected leaf or stem.

Harvest

Within four to six months after planting, it’ll be ready for harvest. You can pick off its fresh aromatic leaves for various uses.

Betel Leaf Plant Medicinal Uses

Betel leaf is a rare herb for rest of the world except Asia, though it has many medicinal benefits. Its leaves are especially helpful for clearing the bronchial passages, cough, and cold and for the female reproductive system. Click here and here to learn more about the medicinal uses of betel leaf plant.

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This exotic herb has many culinary and medicinal uses, if you know all of its growing requirements it is not difficult to plant it!



26 COMMENTS

  1. Hello,
    Please help me to know what seeds do you sow to start a plant? I do not get any vines here in Canada. Where can you buy this plant in Toronto?

  2. Very good site. I love planting , have a green house and indoor plants . Trying very hard to save them from the cold snowy weather .

    • im interested in betal leaf or betal leaf juice export in other countries.please guidance and more information? thanks

  3. Thanks for your tips. My new plant in a pot is just two months old and shooting up quite well. Growing betel plants is the easiest way for planting lovers.

  4. Hi,
    Can you send me information how do I get plant, I mean what seeds I need to get to get the plants. I greatly appreciate response.
    Thanks
    Shan

  5. Plant is growing bit weak and leaves are too small …what should be done for growing big leaves…pls help me. What are the best mannure for best growing.

  6. Quite informative article but without giving the source from where the plant can be procured.i think that information js must with this article. I am interested to have this plant.

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