Learn how to grow bamboo from cuttings, growing bamboo from cuttings is possible if you grow it in warm temperature.
Bamboo is actually a grass, but its wood is strong enough to be used in flooring and furniture. In the garden bamboo is usually grown for its ornamental aspect or as a privacy tree as it grows quickly and mostly in clumps that can be so dense that you can not walk through them.
How to Grow Bamboo from Cuttings in Water
- To grow bamboo from cuttings in water, cut several 10 inches long cuttings from new growth that has at least two nodes and two internodes. Cut it in a slight 45 degree angle with a sharp knife.
- Dip the ends of cutting in melted wax. Place the cutting in water and leave it on a well lit location for several weeks.
- Change the water every other day as standing water will quickly run out of oxygen.
- Move the cutting in a pot as soon as it has 2 inches long roots. Fill the pot with potting mix or a mixture of 1 part loam to 1 part sand to improve drainage. Make a hole in soil and plant the cutting to 1 inch depth into the soil.
- For support tie it to a stick with string. This will stabilize the bamboo cutting until it establishes.
Growing Bamboo from Rhizomes
- Take bamboo rhizomes and cut them into portions leaving two or three growth buds on each with a gardening knife. Don’t use rhizomes with a dark and patched appearance as they will not grow well.
- Lay the bamboo rhizomes horizontally on pots with the buds facing up. Spread a 3 inch layer of soil over them and water thoroughly until the soil looks deeply moist.
- Place the container in a warm spot under light shade. Keep the soil slightly moist consistently. Remember not to overwater the rhizome cuttings otherwise they will rot.
- Rhizomes will take four to six weeks to grow, you can plant them outside once nighttime temperature start to stay around 55 F.
How to Grow Bamboo from Culm Cuttings
- Cut a few cuttings from three or four years old bamboo plant in various sections with a hacksaw. Each section must contain at least one node and one internode. Remove the existing leaves in between.
- Fill a pot with potting mix or a mixture of equal parts of coarse sand and loam.
- Seal the first ridges of bamboo cuttings with wax to save them from rotting or drying. Melt the wax and simply dip it in about 1/8 inch.
- Pour 2 tablespoons of rooting hormone in a plastic bag and immerse the bamboo cuttings in it. Shake off the excess rooting hormone and make several holes in soil and plant cuttings in it.
- Cover the cuttings with clear plastic bag and set the pot in a warm area, out of direct sunlight. Water them to keep the soil moist.
- When you see new shoots, it means cuttings are forming roots. Continue to grow the bamboo plants in containers or plant outside when whether warms up.