HomeCactus & SucculentsHow to Grow a Jade Plant from Cuttings

How to Grow a Jade Plant from Cuttings

Learn How to Grow a Jade Plant From Cuttings and multiply this easy-to-grow plant without any fuss to gift it to your friends and loved ones!

How to Grow a Jade Plant from Cuttings
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If you want an easy-to-maintain succulent that looks like a tiny little tree, then growing the Jade plant makes perfect sense. The best part is, it multiplies without any difficulties! Let’s have a look at How to Grow a Jade Plant From Cuttings!

Here are the best types of Jade Plants you can grow


Best Varieties to Grow from Cuttings

Some of the varieties that you can propagate from cuttings are Crassula ovata ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Jade Plant), Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ (Golden Jade Plant), Crassula ovata ‘Crosby’s Compact’ (Dwarf Jade), and Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’ (Hobbit Jade, Gollum Jade, Ogre Ears).

Learn all about how to take care of jade plants indoors here


When is the Right Time to Propagate a Jade Plant?

The best time to propagate a jade plant is when the environment is warm and thus, summer months work perfectly. Cuttings require plenty of humidity with temperatures in the range of 60-85°F or 15-30°C.

If you can ensure these conditions, you can be able to grow many baby plants from Jade plant cuttings all through the year!


Things You’ll Need

  • Rooting Hormone
  • A healthy Jade Plant
  • A cactus mix or succulent potting soil
  • Spray bottle filled with water for misting
  • Clean sharp pruning shears or knife

How to Grow Jade Plant from Cuttings?

Growing jade plants from cuttings is a novice’s work if certain conditions are kept in mind.

1. Choose a Perfect Cutting

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The chances of successful propagation increases when you collect your cuttings from a healthy plant.

  • Cut 4-6 inches long stem just above a leaf node. Remove all the leaves from the cutting except those at the top end.
  • Do not go for soft or new branches. Also, avoid taking cuttings with cuts and nicks.
  • Use clean pruners to prevent the plant from getting susceptible to fungal diseases.
  • After cutting the stem, leave it in a warm place for the open end to dry out. During this period, a protective layer called callous will be formed in 7-10 days, keeping the plant from developing any fungal disease.
  • Summer months, when the weather is warm and dry, are the best to propagate a jade plant. Although, you can do it throughout the year with proper care.

2. Dip in Rooting Hormone

 

This step will speed up the process of propagation.

  • After the open end has dried out, dip the cutting in a rooting hormone.
  • Rooting hormones are powdery or liquid substance that reduces the rooting time and increases the number of roots produces. Have a look at this study to know about the benefits of a rooting hormone.

3. Prepare the Potting Mix

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Jade plants, like any other succulents, thrive in a well-draining potting mix.

  • Combine equal parts of sand and perlite. Make sure to prepare a well-draining mixture to prevent the conditions of wet feet, which can be fatal for your succulent.
  • For best results, plant the cuttings in a succulent or cactus mix. You can also plant them in a seed starting mix. Check out our article on making succulent potting mix here
  • Jade plants love slightly acidic to neutral soil.

4. Plant the Cutting

As a final step, make a small hole with your finger in the potting mix and plant the cutting into the soil. Press the sides of the stem so that it sits in the soil firmly.


Ideal Conditions of Growing a Jade Plant from Cuttings

1. Temperature & Humidity

  • The plant does well in a temperature range of 65-85 F (15-30 C).
  • Do not expose the plant to temperatures below 50 F (10 C). Also, keep it away from cold drafts as it may cause leaf drop.
  • Jade plants prefer low humidity of around 30-50%. You must refrain from misting a jade plant as normal household humidity is enough for this plant to thrive.

2. Sunlight

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Jade plants need 2-3 hours of direct sunlight, so an east-facing window will be perfect for the plant. It is advisable not to expose jade plants to an intense heat source.

3. Watering

  • The Jade plant needs to be watered thoroughly. Also, make sure that the water drains out completely, not making the soil soggy.
  • The trick to watering a jade plant perfectly is to wet the soil thoroughly till water seeps down from the draining hole, then wait until the topsoil dries out before watering next.
  • Young jade plants need to be watered frequently’ while mature plants need lesser water.

Pro Tip: Do not water from above the leaves as the plant doesn’t like much moisture.

4. Fertilizers

  • Jade plants are not heavy feeders and should be fed only in the growing seasons, i.e, spring and summer.
  • Never fertilize a jade plant in winter as the plant goes dormant during this time and does not absorb nutrients from the soil, leading to salt build-up around the roots.
  • Use a balanced fertilizer once in 4-5 weeks during the growing period. Do follow the instructions on the label. Fish emulsion and Epsom salt are cool organic options that aid in overall plant growth.

5. Repotting

shutterstock/Krichevtseva
  • Young jade plants prefer to be repotted in 3-4 years while the older ones need less frequently.
  • Repot the plants only in summer or spring and not in winter when they are incomplete rest. Do not water a jade plant for a week after repotting.

How to Grow a Jade Plant From Leaf Cuttings

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If you happen to remove bigger leaves from the base of the stem when pruning, you can use those leaf cuttings to also grow new plants. Choose large healthy leaves when you want to propagate via leaf cuttings. Remember this method may not always be successful but you can possibly make a new plant through leaf cuttings.

Check for any signs of damage on the leaves and ensure that the cuttings are from plump, fresh, and healthy leaves. You can choose from medium-size to big size than smaller ones as it will only increase your chances.

You should use a sharp clean knife to gently cut out a leaf at the base from the point where it is connected to the stem. Keep as much of the stem joint as possible without causing any damage to the parent stem.

Now, let the new leaf cuttings dry the same way as you would do with the stem cuttings. After the leaf cuttings dry out in 2-3 days, you can start to prepare the potting mix the same way mentioned in the stem cuttings method.

After moistening the soil and allowing the excess water to drip out, you can use a chopstick or a pencil to make a hole in the soil. Place your leaf cutting in the hole and cover the stem joint with soil up to the base of the leaf completely.


Tips to Grow the New Jade Plants

shutterstock/Valerii Kolomiiets

For both the stem and leaf cuttings, rooting takes some time.

  • Till the time the cuttings do not develop new roots, you should ensure that the soil stays moist but not soggy and receives lots of humidity around the leaves.
  • You would also need to keep the new plants out of any direct light to avoid drying out faster.
  • It is also recommended to use a glass or plastic starter dome on top of your cuttings as it helps to keep your Jade plants upright. This would also cut down the watering needs.
  • As soon as the potting mix dries out, you can mist your plants and the soil using a spray bottle filled with water. Check for any amount of water draining out of the holes while you mist your plants and soil. Just remember to moisten up the soil and there should not be any excess water dripping out.
  • You can gently tug at the stem cuttings after about 25-30 days to check if there is any resistance which would then indicate whether the cutting has developed roots or not.
  • With the leaf cuttings, you will notice new growth like a small plantlet at the base of the leaf that would be a clear indication of the cuttings developing a root system.
  • After you are sure that the new plants have developed a new root system, it is the right time for them to be shifted to a place with lower humidity levels.
  • Check for any signs of leaves slimming down or wilting as it would indicate either lack of sunlight or more humidity and would require some adjustments to save the plant.
  • Once they are more used to dry air and less humidity, you can start to slowly move them to a spot that receives full sunlight. You may want to be careful with your Jade plants and not provide too much direct sunlight at one go.
  • After you gradually condition them to sunny conditions, your plants are finally ready to be moved outdoors.

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