HomeCactus & SucculentsHow to Grow a Jade Plant from Cuttings

How to Grow a Jade Plant from Cuttings

Learn How to Grow a Jade Plant From Cuttings and propagate this succulent quickly. Gift it to your friends and family, or have more copies of this good luck plant.

Growing a jade plant from cuttings
Crassula ovata, perfectly sitting on a windowsill

If you want an easy-to-maintain succulent that looks like a tiny little tree, then growing the Jade plant makes perfect sense. The best part is–it multiplies without any difficulties! Let’s have a look at How to Grow a Jade Plant From Cuttings in this guide below.

Here are the best types of Jade Plants you can grow


Best Jade Plant Varieties to Grow from Cuttings

Apart from the common Crassula ovata some of the best varieties you can propagate from cuttings are:

1. Crassula ovata ‘Hobbit’
2. Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’
3. Crassula ovata ‘Jade Tower’
4. Crassula ovata ‘Baby’s Necklace’
5. Crassula ovata ‘Rainbow’
6. Crassula ovata ‘Variegata’
7. Crassula ovata ‘Giant’
8. Crassula ovata ‘Buddha’s Temple’
9. Crassula ovata ‘Variegata Tetragona’
10. Crassula ovata ‘Winter Beauty’

Learn all about how to take care of jade plants indoors here


When is the Right Time to Propagate a Jade Plant?

The best time to propagate a jade plant is whenever the environment is warm, and this is why the spring and summer months work perfectly. Cuttings require stable temperatures in the range of 60-85°F or 15-30°C but the best part is you don’t have to worry much about maintaining because it’s a succulent and it prefers dry air.

The best time to propagate a jade plant is during the spring or summer months when the plant is actively growing. Propagating in the winter may result in failure.

However, if you live in a warm climate (USDA Zones 9 to 11) or any other hotter, frost-free part of the world, you can propagate it at any time–even in winter.


Things You’ll Need

  • Rooting Hormone
  • A healthy Jade Plant for trimming
  • A cactus mix or succulent potting soil or any seed mix
  • Spray bottle filled with water for misting
  • Clean, sharp pruning shears or knife

How to Grow Jade Plant from Cuttings?

Growing jade plants from cuttings is a novice’s work if certain conditions are kept in mind.

1. Choose a Perfect Cutting

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The chances of successful propagation increase when you collect your cuttings from a healthy plant.

  • Cut 4-6 inches long stem just below a leaf node. Remove all the lower leaves from the cutting except those at the top end.
  • Do not go for soft or new branches. Also, avoid taking cuttings with cuts and nicks.
  • Use a clean pruner to prevent the plant from getting susceptible to fungal diseases.
  • After cutting the stem, leave it in a warm and shady part for the open end to dry. During this period, a protective layer called callous will be formed in 3 to 5 days. Remember, healing the cutting is the most important step–SO DON’T SKIP IT!

2. Dip in Rooting Hormone

  • After the open end has dried out, dip the cutting in a rooting hormone.
  • Rooting hormone can be a powdery or liquid substance that reduces the rooting time and increases the number of roots produces. Have a look at this study to learn about the benefits of a rooting hormone.

This step will speed up the process of propagation.

3. Prepare the Potting Mix

gardential

Jade plants, like any other succulents, thrive in a well-draining potting mix.

  • Combine equal parts of sand and perlite. Make sure to prepare a well-draining mixture to prevent the conditions of wet feet, which can be fatal for your succulent.
  • For best results, plant the cuttings in a succulent or cactus mix. You can also plant them in a seed-starting mix. Check out our article on making succulent potting mix here
  • Jade plants love slightly acidic to neutral soil.

4. Plant the Cutting

As a final step, make a small hole with your finger in the potting mix and plant the cutting into the soil. Press the sides of the stem so that it sits in the soil firmly.


Ideal Conditions of Growing a Jade Plant from Cuttings

1. Temperature & Humidity

  • The plant propagates best in a temperature range of 60-85 F (15-30 C).
  • Do not expose the new plant to temperatures below 50 F (10 C). Also, keep it away from cold drafts as it may cause leaf drop.
  • Jade plants prefer low humidity of around 30-50%. You must refrain from misting a jade plant, as normal household humidity is enough for this plant to thrive.
  • Also, don’t mist the cuttings; it prefers dry surroundings.

2. Sunlight

crateandbarrel

Jade plant cuttings prefer bright, indirect light and should be kept away from direct sunlight during propagation. A south- or west-facing window with a curtain or a warm shady spot in your garden is ideal.

For best results, keep your jade plant in a spot that receives 4-6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight each day.

3. Watering

  • The trick to watering a jade plant perfectly is to wet the soil thoroughly till water seeps down from the draining hole, then wait until the soil dries out completely before watering next.
  • Young jade plants need to be watered frequently’ while mature plants need lesser water.

Pro Tip: Do not water from above the leaves, and follow bottom watering.

4. Fertilizers

  • Jade plants are not heavy feeders and should be fed only in the growing seasons, i.e., spring and summer.
  • Never fertilize a jade plant in winter as the plant goes dormant during this time and does not absorb nutrients from the soil, leading to salt build-up around the roots.
  • Use a balanced fertilizer once in 2 weeks, diluted to 1/4 of its strength, during the growing period. Do follow the instructions on the label. Fish emulsion and Epsom salt are some good organic options that aid in overall plant growth.

5. Repotting

shutterstock/Krichevtseva
  • Young jade plants prefer to be repotted in 3-4 years, while the older ones need less frequently.
  • Repot the plants only in summer or spring and not in winter when they are incomplete rest. Do not water a jade plant for a week after repotting.

How to Grow a Jade Plant From Leaf Cuttings

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If you happen to remove bigger leaves from the base of the stem when pruning, you can use those leaf cuttings also to grow new plants. Choose large healthy leaves when you want to propagate via leaf cuttings. Remember, this method may not always be successful, but you can possibly make a new plant through leaf cuttings.

Check for any signs of damage on the leaves and ensure that the cuttings are from plump, fresh, and healthy leaves. You can choose from medium-sized to big sizes than smaller ones as it will only increase your chances.

You should use a sharp, clean knife to gently cut out a leaf at the base from the point where it is connected to the stem. Keep as much of the stem joint as possible without causing any damage to the parent stem.

Let the new leaf cuttings dry the same way as you would with the stem cuttings. After the leaf cuttings dry out in 2-3 days, you can start to prepare the potting mix the way mentioned in the stem cuttings method.

After moistening the soil and allowing the excess water to drip out, you can use a chopstick or a pencil to make a hole in the soil. Place your leaf cutting in the hole and cover the stem joint with soil up to the base of the leaf completely.


Tips to Grow the New Jade Plants

shutterstock/Valerii Kolomiiets

For both the stem and leaf cuttings, rooting takes some time.

  • Until the cuttings do not develop new roots, you should ensure that the soil stays moist but not soggy and receives lots of humidity around the leaves.
  • You would also need to keep the new plants out of any direct light to avoid drying out faster.
  • It is also recommended to use a glass or plastic starter dome on top of your cuttings, as it helps to keep your Jade plants upright. This would also cut down the watering needs.
  • As soon as the potting mix dries out, you can mist your plants and the soil using a spray bottle filled with water. Check for any amount of water draining out of the holes while you mist your plants and soil. Just remember to moisten up the soil, and there should not be any excess water dripping out.
  • You can gently tug at the stem cuttings after about 25-30 days to check if there is any resistance which would then indicate whether the cutting has developed roots or not.
  • With the leaf cuttings, you will notice new growth, like a small plantlet at the base of the leaf, which would be a clear indication of the cuttings developing a root system.
  • After you are sure that the new plants have developed a new root system, it is the right time for them to be shifted to a place with lower humidity levels.
  • Check for any signs of leaves slimming down or wilting, as it would indicate either lack of sunlight or more humidity and would require some adjustments to save the plant.
  • Once they are more used to dry air and less humidity, you can start to move them to a spot that receives full sunlight slowly. You may want to be careful with your Jade plants and not provide too much direct sunlight at one go.
  • After you gradually condition them to sunny conditions, your plants are finally ready to be moved outdoors.

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