26 Most Beautiful Types of Euphorbia Varieties

Sheri Dorn is a versatile homesteader and culinary artist with a strong focus on organic and heirloom gardening. Holding a Master's degree in Culinary Arts, she combines her love for cooking and gardening in a unique way. Sheri is an active contributor to online gardening communities and enjoys quality outdoor time with her family and pets.
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There are many species of Spurge that come in quirky shapes and sizes. Here are the Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties you can grow!

If you want an ornamental plant that looks a class apart with fleshy foliage and beautiful flowers, then have a look at the Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties that will surely look spectacular in your garden!

Here are the most popular Dracaena varieties you can grow

Most Popular Types of Euphorbia Varieties

1. Dragon Bones Tree


Botanical Name: Euphorbia lactea

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This small tree or shrub showcases upright green stems in cross-sections with a pale center. They have showy white and lime green patterns, with a couple of blackthorns.

2. Crown of Thorns

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 2
Jennifer Stone

Botanical Name: Euphorbia milii

USDA Zones: 9-11

This evergreen bushy euphorbia is often grown as a houseplant. You can choose from different varieties with pink, red, or yellow blooms that flowers continually.

Check out our article on growing Crown of Thorns here

3. Wood Spurge


Botanical Name: Euphorbia amygdaloides

USDA Zones: 6-8

Wood spurges are an evergreen type of euphorbia varieties that bloom in yellow flowers from mid to late spring and grow up to 1-2 feet tall.

4. Donkey Tail Spurge

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 4

Botanical Name: Euphorbia myrsinites

USDA Zones: 5-9

This creeping perennial can grow up to 1-2 feet tall and displays blue-gray leaves with yellow blooms. It looks great in compact pots.

5. Basketball Euphorbia


Botanical Name: Euphorbia obesa

USDA Zones: 9-11

This small succulent has a ball-shaped round stem that slowly turns cylindrical with maturity. These types of euphorbia varieties are famous as houseplants.

6. Cushion Spurge

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 6

Botanical Name: Euphorbia polychroma

USDA Zones: 4-8

This clumping perennial features yellow blooms during spring. The foliage is very dense, which gives it a cushion-like look.

7. River Euphorbia


Botanical Name: Euphorbia triangularis

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

Also popular as Chandelier Tree, this succulent has several cylindrical trunks with a crown of upward light green to yellow-green branches.

8. Pencil Milkbush

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 8

Botanical Name: Euphorbia mauritanica

USDA Zones: 9b-11b

Also popular as Golden Spurge, Yellow Milkbush, and Jackal’s Food, these types of euphorbia varieties offer several upright, fleshy, pencil-like branches.

9. Debilispina


Botanical Name: Euphorbia debilispina

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This spiny succulent shrub produces large, heavily branched clumps. The gray-green to blue-green stems display a red tinge in full sun.

10. Leafless Spurge

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 10

Botanical Name: Euphorbia aphylla

USDA Zones: 9b-11b

It features leafless light gray-green, yellow-green, or blue-green stems that grow from a short trunk. Yellow flowers open in clusters year-round but primarily in spring and fall.

11. String of Stars

Botanical Name: Euphorbia guiengola

USDA Zones: 10b-11b

It’s a rare, spreading succulent that offers branched stems, small green leaves, and several white blooms with red centers. This deciduous plant flowers continuously during winter.

Take a look at the most Popular String Plants here

12. Red Monadenium

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 12

Botanical Name: Euphorbia neorubella

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This variety features clusters of many small tubers or large round tuber. Dark green leaves with red undersides grow on the top of green stems patterned in purple-green streaks.

13. Antique Spurge

Botanical Name: Euphorbia antiquorum

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

Antique Spurge is a small tree or shrub with smooth green branches, green leaves, and brown cylindrical stems. Clusters of yellow-green to pink blooms appear across the year.

14. Damask

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 14

Botanical Name: Euphorbia abdelkuri

USDA Zones: 9-11

This clumping succulent has columnar stems with green-gray to ash-gray hues. Not only it looks quirky, but it is also a great compact specimen for small spaces!

15. Vulcanorum


Botanical Name: Euphorbia vulcanorum

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

This succulent shrub has dense 4-5 angled green branches that grow up to 2-3 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide. It blooms in small, ornamental orange-red fiery flowers from spring and fall.

16. Baioensis

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 16

Botanical Name: Euphorbia baioensis

USDA Zones: 10b-11b

This small succulent has cylindrical long stems covered in spines. It also has red tips that turn black with age. Small pale yellow blooms emerge from spring to summer.

17. Cliff Spurge

Botanical Name: Euphorbia misera

USDA Zones: 10a-11b

Cliff spurge has twisty stems with dull green round hairy leaves. It flowers in spring with yellow or white blooms.

18. Indian Spurge Tree

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 18
shutterstock/Albait Karomi

Botanical Name: Euphorbia neriifolia

USDA Zones: 10-12

This prickly succulent shrub grows up to 15-18 feet tall with thick stems, large green leaves, and gray-brown to black spines.

19. Thornless Crown of Thorns


Botanical Name: Euphorbia geroldii

USDA Zones: 9-11

This beautiful semi-succulent shrub has no spines and features glossy deep green leaves. It constantly blooms in coral-red flowers with yellow centers.

20. African Candelabra

Botanical Name: Euphorbia ammak

USDA Zones: 9-12

This tree-like plant can achieve an impressive height of 15-20 feet over time. The broad and obconical crowns are erect and have lanceolate leaves at the top.

21. False Globose Spurge

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 21

Botanical Name: Euphorbia pseudoglobosa

USDA Zones: 8-11

This dwarf spineless euphorbia creates a thick mat of gray-green stems with 5-6 ribs. It blooms in small, unisexual, yellow flowers at the tips.

22. Desert Candle


Botanical Name: Euphorbia abyssinica

USDA Zones: 9-11

Desert Candle grows a thick green trunk that becomes woody with maturity. The flowers grow without petals but have yellow bracts.

23. Decaryi

Botanical Name: Euphorbia ‘Decaryi’

USDA Zones: 9-11

It stands out with its wavy foliage. This mat-forming plant grows up to 4-6 inches tall and blooms in yellow, red, or yellow-green flowers.

24. Caribbean Copper Plant

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 24

Botanical Name: Euphorbia cotinifolia

Hardiness Zones: 8-11

This tropical shrub bears ovate fleshy coppery-red purple leaves. Flowers appear in late spring to mid-summer.

25. Poinsettia

shutterstock/Matyas Rehak

Botanical Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima

USDA Zones: 9-11

This small shrub has upright stems with beautiful red leaves or bracts that look like flowers. It is one of the most beautiful types of euphorbia varieties you can grow!

Here are 32 Different Types of Poinsettia Color Pictures

26. Pencil Cactus

Types of Euphorbia Varieties 26

Botanical Name: Euphorbia tirucalli

USDA Zones: 9-12

Pencil cactus is a tropical succulent plant that is native to Africa and India. It is also called “firestick” or “milk bush” due to its milky sap and long, thin branches that resemble pencils.

Here is How to Grow Pencil Cactus 

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