Philodendron selloum can be an excellent addition to any type of decor. What makes it perfect is its low care nature!
With a little care and attention, you’ll soon enjoy the stunning foliage of your thriving Philodendron selloum.
Common Name: Tree Philodendron
USDA Zones: 10 – 11
Other Names: Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, Split-Leaf Philodendron, Cut-leaf Philodendron, Tree Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Fiddle-leaf Philodendron, Lacy Tree-Philodendron, Banana-de-macaco.
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Philodendron Selloum Plant Information
Philodendron selloum, also known as the Tree Philodendron, is a native plant to the tropical rainforests of South America. It belongs to the Araceae family, which includes other popular houseplants like pothos and peace lilies. With its large, glossy, and deeply lobed leaves, Philodendron selloum adds a touch of lush beauty to any indoor space.
The striking foliage of Philodendron selloum can grow up to 3 feet long, creating an impressive presence. The leaves are deeply lobed, giving them an elegant and tropical look. As the plant matures, it develops a trunk-like stem, adding further visual interest. Its vibrant green color adds a fresh and vibrant touch to your indoor space, creating a soothing and calming atmosphere.
Philodendron selloum is a captivating and low-maintenance plant that adds a touch of tropical elegance to any indoor space. With its striking foliage, adaptability to different light conditions, and forgiving nature, it is an ideal choice for plant enthusiasts of all levels.
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Propagating Philodendron selloum
- To propagate Philodendron selloum from seeds, begin by collecting fresh seeds from a mature plant of this species. You should ensure they are ripe and healthy.
- Next, prepare the seeds for germination by soaking them in warm water for approximately 24 hours. This helps to soften the outer seed coat and improve the chances of successful sprouting.
- Take a small pot filled with a well-draining potting mix and moisten it thoroughly before sowing the seeds on the surface of the soil. You should press them down gently to ensure good seed-to-soil contact.
- To create a greenhouse-like environment, cover the pot with a plastic bag or a clear plastic lid, which helps to retain moisture and heat.
- Find a warm spot with indirect light for the pot and place it there, ensuring that the seeds receive adequate warmth and light for germination.
- During the germination process, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist but not overly saturated. Excessive water can lead to seed rot or fungal issues.
- Germination of Philodendron selloum seeds can be a slow process, often taking several weeks or even months before the first seedlings emerge.
- Once the seedlings have grown to a few inches tall, they can be carefully transplanted into individual pots with well-draining soil to provide them with more space and nutrients.
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- Begin by selecting a healthy stem from the parent plant, making sure it has good foliage and no signs of disease or damage.
- Using clean and sharp pruning shears, make a clean cut approximately 6 to 8 inches below a node.
- After obtaining the cutting, remove the lower leaves from the stem, leaving only a few at the top intact.
- Prepare a small pot with well-draining soil and moisten it before proceeding with planting the cutting.
- To create a suitable space for the Philodendron selloum cutting, make a small hole in the soil using a pencil or your finger and carefully insert the cut end of the stem into the hole.
- Gently press the soil around the cutting to ensure it is secure and has good contact with the soil.
- Place the pot in a warm location that receives bright, indirect light, as these conditions are favorable for the cutting’s root development.
- Maintain humidity around the leaves of the cutting by misting them regularly, as this can enhance the chances of successful rooting.
- Throughout the propagation process, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist but avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to rotting or other issues.
- After a few weeks, roots should begin to develop from the cutting, indicating that successful propagation is taking place.
- Once the roots are well-established, you can carefully transplant the cutting into a larger pot filled with regular potting soil, providing it with more space to grow and thrive.
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Choosing a Pot for Philodendron selloum
Philodendron selloum would do just fine in a 10-12 inches container for a few years before it would require a re-potting. Use only one size bigger pot than the old one.
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Requirements for Growing Philodendron selloum
To ensure the healthy growth of your Philodendron selloum, find a bright spot in your home that receives indirect sunlight. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight as the intense rays can scorch its leaves.
An east-facing window or a few feet away from a north or west-facing window is ideal. If you notice the leaves becoming pale or yellow, it may be an indication that the plant is receiving too much light, so adjust its location accordingly.
Philodendron selloum thrives in well-draining soil that retains some moisture. Choose a high-quality, peat-based potting mix that allows excess water to flow through easily. Adding some perlite or orchid bark to the soil mix can enhance its drainage capabilities.
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Remember to avoid using heavy garden soil or compacted clay, as these can lead to waterlogging and root rot.
Keep the soil evenly moist, but be cautious not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. Wait until the top inch of the soil feels slightly dry before watering again. It’s better to underwater slightly than to overwater.
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Remember to adjust your watering frequency based on environmental factors like temperature and humidity, as they affect the plant’s water needs.
Temperature & Humidity
Philodendron selloum prefers average room temperatures between 65°F to 90°F (18°C to 30°C). Avoid exposing it to extreme temperature fluctuations or drafts, as they can harm the plant.
The plant appreciates moderately humid conditions. If the air in your home is dry, you can increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly or placing a tray of water and pebbles near the plant. This helps create a humid microclimate around the foliage, promoting healthy growth.
Philodendron selloum Care
During the growing season, which is typically spring and summer, use a balanced liquid houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength. Apply the fertilizer every 4-6 weeks to provide essential nutrients for robust growth.
In the dormant season, reduce or suspend fertilization as the Philodendron selloum‘s growth slows down. Always follow the instructions on the fertilizer package and avoid over-fertilizing, as it can lead to fertilizer burn and damage the plant.
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Pruning your Philodendron selloum helps maintain its shape, control its size, and promote bushier growth. You can trim back long, leggy stems or remove any dead or yellowing leaves. Use clean pruning shears or scissors to make clean cuts just above a node (the point where leaves emerge from the stem).
Regular pruning also allows for better air circulation, reducing the risk of diseases. Remember to wipe your pruning tools with rubbing alcohol before and after each use to prevent the spread of pests or diseases.
Pests and Diseases
While Philodendron selloum is generally resilient, it can still face some common pests and diseases. Keep an eye out for pests like mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites. If you notice any signs of infestation, such as webbing or tiny insects, promptly treat the affected areas with an appropriate insecticidal soap or neem oil spray, following the product instructions.
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Additionally, ensure good airflow around the plant and avoid overwatering, as excess moisture can invite fungal diseases such as root rot or leaf spot. Maintaining a clean and hygienic environment, including regularly removing dead leaves and debris, helps prevent the occurrence of pests and diseases.