Find out how to grow and care for fiddle leaf fig. Learn about the right growing requirements and fiddle leaf fig care below.
USDA Zones— 10 – 11, *can be grown indoors in cooler zones
Scientific Name— Ficus lyrata
Placing a little piece of nature inside the house or apartment does not necessarily mean it will be difficult to maintain. Many plants that offer a beautiful and elegant look in the house are also easy to grow, such as fiddle leaf fig (ficus lyrata). Fiddle Leaf Fig is well suited for growing indoors because it does not become excessively large and at the same time remain noticeable. Fiddle leaf fig care and growing is simple if you fulfill a few basic requirements, which are given below.
Fiddle Leaf Fig Care Information
Fiddle leaf is native to tropics and on its origin place, it grows tall (up to 40 feet), but its size can easily be reduced and kept under control (under 2 m) when grown in pots as a houseplant. Fiddle leaf fig’s leaves are large and dark in color– glossy and leathery, furrowed with yellow veins.
The plant with proper pruning, grows so dense, creating a web of leaves that look elegant and can change the appearance of any room, able to aesthetically fit in any type of environment. It also produces fruit but they are not edible and difficult to develop indoors.
How to Grow Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree
Propagation is usually done from cuttings in the spring. Growing fiddle leaf fig from cuttings is easy, if not available, you can buy a potted plant from nursery and multiply it.
Fiddle leaf fig as a houseplant, grows in a well lit spot. Where it receives indirect sunlight all day long. It likes warm temperature approx. 60 – 70 F (15 – 20 C). When growing fiddle leaf fig, remember that it prefers moist, humid air. Homes are rather dry, so alternatively you can mist the plant often to increase the humidity level.
Requirements for Growing Fiddle Leaf Fig Indoors
Soil is an essential ingredient in the growth of healthy plant. Loose, well drained soil that is rich in nutrients and organic matter is required.
Keep the soil slightly moist but let the top 1 inch surface to dry out between watering spells. In the summer it requires frequent watering. In winter, reduce the watering to avoid root rot.
Fiddle Leaf Fig Care
Fiddle leaf fig care is easy, it involves several requirements and steps, which are explained below.
Fertilize about once a month with a water soluble houseplant fertilizer. Avoid fertilizing when it is not in active growth, usually in winter.
In every 2-3 years repot the plant or whenever you find that it is root bound, providing a container slightly larger than the previous one.
Cleaning the leaves is an important fiddle leaf plant care step. Its large feathery foliage becomes dusty quite often.
Prune your plant to control its size and remove dead and diseased branches, if necessary. Regular pinching of the top of stem once it has reached the desired height prevents the plant from getting lanky and encourages branching.
Pests, Diseases and Problems
If leaves that have small dark or white diffused patches: this is the sign of the presence of pests, which if not eradicated can damage the plant or lead it to death. The most common pests are mites and cochineal.
It is therefore important to counter them as early as possible as stop the invasion. For evergreens, such as ficus lyrata, attention should always be kept, more in the summer period, when the high temperature and humidity together promote the ideal climate for the development of pests, particularly under the inner leaves, where air circulation is less.
Diseases and Problems
Plant suffers from root rot if grown in waterlogged soil. Ensuring proper drainage and avoiding overwatering prevent this. Whereas, a bad appearance of the foliage or falling leaves are the most obvious symptoms of a few mistakes in the cultivation: Either the plant is exposed to cold drafts or temperature that is too rigid, watering is insufficient or conversely, too abundant. In any case, if treated in time the plant will recover from the damage.
Also Read: 17 Houseplants that Grow without Sun